Geo Inquiry of Madagascar

by Gabriel Morlando

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Population and Settlement

In 2015, the population of Madagascar was 24 million 235 thousand people. The eastern part of the central plateau is the region where most of the major cities and towns are. Most of the people are clustered into the eastern one third of the country, while the western two thirds of the island are sparsely inhabited.

Weather and Climate

The Madagascar climate is hot and sub-tropical. In the mountains it is cooler, while the south and west are dry. The wet season in Madagascar is the hottest time of the year. In December the average high temperature is 28 degrees Celsius and the average low is 17 degrees Celsius. The coldest time of the year is in July, when the average high temperature is 21 degrees Celsius and the low temperature is 9 degrees Celsius.

Physical Enviroment

The island of Madagascar was created roughly 50 million years ago when it broke away from mainland Africa. The island consists of three parallel zones. They are the central plateau, , the coastal strip in the east, and the zone of low plateaus and plains in the west. The capital city of Madagascar is Antananarivo.

Employment

Agriculture is the most common job, employing 80.4 % of the population. Manufacturing and industry employ 3.7 % of the population. The unemployment rate in Madagascar in 2013 was 3.6%.

Education

Education in Madagascar is divided into primary education (6-11 years old) and secondary education broken into junior (12-15 years old) and senior (16-18 years old),

Education is only compulsory for children between the ages of 6 to 14.

Cost of living in Madagascar

The cost of living in Madagascar is 20.4% lower than in Canada. Rent is 35.4 % lower than in Canada. For instance, a one bedroom apartment in the city center would be $199.87 per month.

Food is also cheaper in Madagascar. The price for a litre of milk is $1.57, a 500g loaf of white bread is 75 cents, and 1 KG of apples cost $1.73.

Basic utilities for an 85m2 apartment (includes electricity, heating, water,and garbage) are $63.78 a month. Although the prices are cheap, it is expensive to them. The average monthly disposable salary is $159.67 per family.

Health care and crime in Madgascar

There are a number of state run hospitals in the main towns and cities, Like Canada, basic health care is free, but people have to pay for certain supplies like dressings and food. There are also local healers that use plants for traditional healing.

Crime in Madagascar is more and more prevalent and violet every year. The National Police watch the big cities and the Gendarmerie is responsible for law enforcement outside of the major cites.

Overall

Madagascar is a beautiful and majestic place, but because of the low income level and high poverty rate I would not want to live there.