Computer Components

Computing Homework


Computers consist of many different components which make sure the computer can function correctly. Each component have different functions which allow the computer to do different things. All components have an importance within the computer. A component is an element of a system, and in this case a computer system. A component is part of a mechanical or electric system.

Hard Drive (HDD)

Hard Disk Drives are used by most desktop computers in case the computers power is turned off.Hard Disk Drives are the mechanism that will read and write data to store on a hard disk. Data is passed between hard disk drives and the computer which it is connected to.


A Monitor is another term for display screen, however monitor actually refers to the whole box. The term monitor generally implies that it can display graphics. There are many ways monitors are classified, but the most basic are:

  • Monochrome
  • Grey-scale
These display different colour scales on the monitor.


CPU is an abbreviation of Central Processing Unit. The CPU is often thought as the brains of the computer. The purpose of the CPU is to process the data it is receiving. It is where the searching, sorting, calculating and decision making happens


FPM RAM is an abbreviation for Fast Page Mode RAM, this is where you can get faster access to a part of a page or the page its self. There is Page mode memory, which is when it eliminates it having to have access to everything and it can recall it as data.


The motherboard is the main circuit board of a microcomputer. Usually, the motherboard contains the CPU, BIOS, memory, mass storage interfaces, serial and parallel ports, expansion slots, and all the controllers required to control standard peripheral devices, such as the display screen, keyboard, and disk drive.


Every transfer is an output from one device and an input into another. The term Input/output is used to describe program, operation or device that transfers data to or from a computer or other device.

Touch Screen

A touch screen is type of display screen that is touch sensitive. Touch screens are used most on phones, tablets and other type of computers. Instead of using a pointing object such as a mouse you use your finger to control the screen.

Operating Systems/Other software

OS or Operating Systems is the most important program that runs a computer. Without a OS computers would not be able to run other software. Operating systems perform basic tasks. Operating systems can be used on different scales and for different things.