Australia

A continent

Classifaction

Australia is a Country. A country is an expanse of land, a nation with its own government. Australia is part of the continent known as Australasia. It has 6 states and 2 territories. They are New South Wales, ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland.

Location

Australia is located on the planet Earth. It can be found in the Southern Hemisphere, just south of the Equator, in the continent Australasia.

Australia’s neighbouring countries include New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. The waters that surround Australia are the Arafura and Timor Seas to the north and the Indian Ocean to the west. To the east of Australia are the Pacific Ocean and the Coral Sea. To the south of Australia are the Southern Ocean and the Great Australian Bight
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Population

Australia’s population is estimated to be24, 151, 300.Approx. 12,000,00 male /12,000,000 female. The largest city in Australia is Sydney which is in the state New South Wales with an approximate population of 4,627,345

Australians come from over 200 birthplaces. The Majority of the population are Australian born with 2% Indigenous backgrounds. 43% have at least one parent who has born overseas and 30% of the population were born in another country. The major countries of birth are England, New Zealand and China.

Collectively, Australians speak over 200 languages. Other than English most common are Chinese, Italian, Greek and Arabic. There are over 50 Indigenous languages spoken

The major religion in Australia is Christianity. Other major religions include- Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism 7,361 Australians practise Aboriginal traditional religions and 22% of people in Australia have no religion.

climate

Australia is a large country with a varied climate that has 4 seasons. Summer which is December to February, Autumn that spreads from March to May, Winter that is June to August, Spring that starts in September all the way to November. Australia has wet and dry seasons in the North and it rains occasionally in most places.

In Australia it’s mainly sunny most of the time, but it only snows on the mountains. The highest temperature is 40 C. The Hottest place is in the NW. The Lowest temperature is -5 C and the lowest in Snowy Mountain.

Enviornment

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. Australia is huge covering around 12 million square kilometres. Australia’s ocean territory is the world's third largest, spanning three oceans .Australia has a Variety of different environments including the rainforests in Queensland, the bushland in the outback, The sandy deserts of Western Australia, reefs of Queensland, the brilliant coastal places , the stunning beaches of Sydney and last of all the mountain areas

Fauna

More than 80 per cent of our plants in Australia, mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia The famous marsupials like koalas, kangaroos and many others can be found nowhere else in the world because Australia is an isolated country. Australia’s two egg laying mammals, the platypus and the echidna are the only monotremes in the world and they’re also very shy.

Other unique animals are for example emu, dingo, frilled neck lizard are very common in Australia but are never found in other countries. Other majestic Australian animals are. The endangered Bilby and Tasmanian devil both in low numbers due to dying.

Flora

91 per cent of Australia is covered by native vegetation. Many of Australia's desert landscapes are covered by beautiful native plants. There is a staggering 24,000 species of native plants that are a stunning sight. The Acacia has 954 species including the wattle. Australia’s most well- known tree the Eucalypt tree has an amazing collection of 700 species Eucalypt trees are also commonly known as gum trees. In the Grevillea group is the famous Banksia and in the Melaleuca group is the Paperbark tree.

siginificent sites

Australia is famous for many significant sites. Uluru is located in the centre of Australia in the Northern Territory, near Alice Springs. It is significant because it is the world’s largest monolith. The Great Barrier Reef, found stretching 12000km along the coast of northern Queensland is the world’s largest reef. The Sydney Harbour Bridge, located on Sydney harbour is the largest bridge of its kind in the world. Other significant sites include: the Sydney Opera House and the12 Apostles.

Interesting facts

There are lots of interesting facts in Australia but what are the most interesting? Well did you know that Australia is the smallest continent in the world and is 7.692million km long. Australia has Kangaroo Island and it’s native inhabits the aboriginal have been living in Australia for 40,00 years.