By Ethan McCullough
What is Cancer and What does it do?
One of the Most common types of Cancer is Colon cancer. Colon Cancer is cancer that starts in either the colon or the rectum. Colon cancer and rectal cancer have many things in common. They are discussed together here except for the section about treatment, where they are discussed separately.
What Causes Colon Cancer?
In most cases, it's not clear what causes colon cancer. Doctors know that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the colon become adept. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But when a cell is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide even when new cells aren't needed. These cancer cells can invade and destroy normal tissue nearby.
How Can You Reduce The Risk of Getting Colon Cancer?
Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants, which may play a role in cancer prevention. Drink alcohol at moderate, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.
Stop smoking. If you have a healthy weight, work to keep your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise.