Colon Cancer

By Ethan McCullough

What is Cancer and What does it do?

Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue. Cancer cell growth is different from normal cell growth, instead of dying, cancer cells continue to grow and make new, abnormal cells. Cancer cells can also invade other tissues, something that that normal cells cannot do.

Colon Cancer-

One of the Most common types of Cancer is Colon cancer. Colon Cancer is cancer that starts in either the colon or the rectum. Colon cancer and rectal cancer have many things in common. They are discussed together here except for the section about treatment, where they are discussed separately.

What Causes Colon Cancer?

In most cases, it's not clear what causes colon cancer. Doctors know that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the colon become adept. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But when a cell is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide even when new cells aren't needed. These cancer cells can invade and destroy normal tissue nearby.

What are the symptoms of Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer symptoms depend on the size and location of the cancer. Some commonly experienced symptoms include changes in bowel habits, changes in stool stability, blood in the stool, and stomach difficulty.

Is Colon Cancer Treatable or Curable?

If the colon cancer has a low stage, which means it hasn't spread anywhere else besides the colon, then your prognosis is usually very approval. Many colon cancers are treatable and even curable. The mainstay of colon cancer treatment is surgery.

Survival Rate of Colon Cancer-

It depends on what stage you are in.

Stage I- 92%

Stage IIA- 87%

Stage IIB- 63%

Stage IIIB- 89%

How Can You Reduce The Risk of Getting Colon Cancer?

Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants, which may play a role in cancer prevention. Drink alcohol at moderate, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.

Stop smoking. If you have a healthy weight, work to keep your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise.