Carter

1976-1980

Election

Election of 1976:

  • James Earl Carter Jr. (Democrat) vs Gerald Ford (Republican)
  • Carter won 51% of popular vote (40, 831, 881 to 39, 148, 634)
  • Carter won electoral vote 291 to 240

Humanitarian Efforts

  • September 17 1978, Camp David: Carter assisted in peace negotiations between the Israeli Prime Minister and the Egyptian President.
  • 1979: Resumed relations with China
  • Proposed two treaties to give Panamanians control of Panama Canal

Economic/Energy Issues

  • Prices rising
  • Income falling
  • Wanted "the moral equivalent of war" for energy
  • January 1979: Iranian shah overthrown, oil business forgotten, OPEC increases oil prices
  • July 15, 1979: Carter gives America televised message about oil prices and recession, states that he is disappointed in Americans losing touch with faith and being concerned about material goods

Iranian Hostage Crisis of 1979

  • November 4, 1979: Anti-American Muslims stormed American embassy in Tehran, Iran and took all occupants hostage
  • December 27, 1979: Soviets move to Afghanistan
  • Carter created grain and technology embargo on USSR
  • Soviets met opposition from Afghans
  • Carter orders rescue mission of the Americans in Iran
  • Mission fails, 8 rescuers die