Russia and the Western Republics

Chapter 16 Section 1

Historical Events

In 1555: Construction begins on St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.

In 1613: The Romanov dynasty of czars begins.

In 1812: The French general, Napoleon retreats during winter after a failed attack on Russia.

In 1922: Russia becomes part of the Soviet Union.

In 1991: The Soviet Union falls, and Russia becomes independent.

Important People

Peter the Great, who was czar- or emperor- of Russia from 1682 to 1725.

The French general, Napoleon.

Czar Alexander II.

Valdimir Putin president.


They had a Communist government and it collapsed the Communist government and the Soviet Union in 1991-and the end of the Cold War.


Russia and the Western Republics faced hard times under the czars and the Communists. But these leaders could not destroy the cultural and spiritual traditions of the region's people. Some of the cultures they destroyed was a beautiful onion-shaped domes.


To move their society toward communists, Soviet leaders adopted a command economy- one in which the central government makes all important economic decisions.