Civil Rights

A journey to equality

To what degree had the civil rights movement contributed to making the United States a more equal and just society?

The civil rights movement was extremely necessary into shaping America into the country it is today. From social aspects of peoples lives, to moral justification and reasoning. It took the strength of so many people, black or white, young and old, for this impact to take effect in the South during a time when segregation in the 50's and 60's was an acceptable lifestyle. Civil Rights activists of all beliefs would play a key role in the movement.

Tactics and Strategies of the Civil Rights Movement


In the 50s and 60s, life in America would be appaling to the world today. Segregation of black and whites in the South was the norm. The Civil Rights Movement began on December 1, 1955, nine months after a 15-year-old high school student, Claudette Colvin, refused to give up her seat on a public bus on Montgomery, Alabama to make room for a white passenger. Rosa Parks also known as the mother of the Civil Rights Movement did the same thing. Many leaders from within the African American community and beyond rose to prominence during the Civil Rights era, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, and many others. They risked—and sometimes lost—their lives in the name of freedom and equality. These leaders used their own different tactics to motivate, influence, and inform the people of their decision to not back down to the ways of segregation.

Civil Rights Movement Begins

Thursday, Dec. 1st 1955 at 12am

Montgomery, AL, United States

Montgomery, AL

A More Just & Equal Country

Unsung Heroes

Elizabeth Johnson Rice

“I knew they were white students, but I wasn’t thinking about racism. I just knew I was a good teacher and I was going to that school.”

On Feb. 22, 1960, less than three weeks after four college students staged a sit-in at a Woolworth’s in Greensboro, N.C., Johnson Rice, then 19, along with her 18-year-old brother Ford and 32 other Virginia Union students, marched into Thalhimers Department Store in downtown Richmond and sat down at the whites-only lunch counter. Elizabeth was one of them.

Matthew Walker, Jr.

“You had a choice: Either accept insults, or seek redress. I chose the latter course of action.” However, after four students started a sit-in campaign at a Woolworth’s in Greensboro, N.C., on Feb. 1, 1960, the Nashville students knew it was time to take action. Less than two weeks later, on Feb. 13, Walker joined a group of more than 100 students who walked into three neighboring stores on Fifth Avenue in downtown Nashville. The protesters demonstrated for about two hours and left without incident. He gave MLK stage advice as well

Desegregation in Birmingham

Monday, April 1st 1963 at 12am

Birmingham, AL, United States

Birmingham, AL

King and SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) oppose local laws that support segregation. Riots, fire-bombing, and police are used against protestors.

Bombing of Birmingham Church

Monday, May 13th 1963 at 9am

Birmingham, AL, United States

Birmingham, AL

4 black girls are killed by bomb planted in church.

24th Amendment passed

Wednesday, Jan. 1st 1964 at 8:45pm

1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest

Washington, DC

Poll tax (which had been used to prevent blacks from voting) outlawed. Black voter registration increases and candidates begin to turn away from white supremacy views in attempt to attract black voters