Public Speaking

Tips and Tricks- Samantha Clancy

Preparing Your Speech

When you are preparing your speech, there are certain things that you should think about. Some of these things include stance an Palm Cards.


Stance

Your stance is am important element to deliver a good speech. Your stance lets the audience know your mood, and your feelings about the speech. If you are standing up on the stage swaying or playing with your clothes, you may come across to the audience as being distracted or unenthusiastic about speaking and like you don't want to be there.


Palm Cards

When writing your speech it is a helpful tool to use palm cards. Be aware that Plam Cards are very important for formal speeches as it is not as appropriate to speak reading from a sheet of paper. Palm Cards are small pieces of paper or cardboard that fit in the palms of your hands. Palm cards DO NOT have your whole speech written on them, more so a few points or maybe a sentence to help you remember what you are going to say. Keep your palm cards simple, as you should only ever have a few at a time.

When You Are Speaking

When you are preparing a speech you may like to think about speaking techniques, such as pauses, your pace, and your pitch. You may also like to use palm cards that have brief points them to help you recite the speech.


Pause

Good writers will uses pauses to add emphasis and suspense. They will say something and then they will wait a little while, before they continue. Pauses are a useful technique if you are trying to persuade an audience to your opinion.


Pace

Pace is a technique that is used to control the speed at which you speak. If you get nervous, your pace main get faster. It is good to keep a solid and consistent pace. Your pace may help to get the audience interested in your speech. If you have practised a speech that has to be a certain time, just take a deep breath and do it how you have practised it because it is embarrassing standing up there with nothing else to say. Just take a deep breath and enjoy your speech.


Pitch

Pitch is the tone that you use in your voce when speaking. Changing your pitch may help to engage the audience and to make your speech more interesting. Your pitch naturally change it without you noticing, but you can control it if you need to. When you are nervous, your pitch variation tends to get lost and you could end up reading your speech without any emphasis.

Different Types Of Speech

Different types of speech include formal and informal persuasive speech, informative speech or an entertaining or emotional speech.


Formal Persuasive Speeches

Formal persuasive speeches need to use formal language, use clear and logical connectives and arguments. You should also include persuasive techniques such as statistics, expert opinion, emotional appeals, generalisations and cause and effect arguments. Some of the main audiences are teachers and classmates, workmates and colleagues and conferences and seminars.


Informal Persuasive Speeches

Informal persuasive speeches generally use informal language, clear and logical connectives and arguments. You should also include persuasive techniques such as statistics, expert opinion, emotional appeals, generalisations and cause and effect arguments. Some of the main audiences include, teachers and classmates, and workplaces.


Informative Speeches

Informative speeches use formal language as well as jargon or specialist language. They also need to be clearly and logically organised, as well as include accurate statistics and facts. Some of the main audience groups may include teachers and classmates, workmates and colleagues, conferences and seminars or even news reports or press confrences.


Entertaining or Emotional Speeches

Entertaining or emotional speeches can either include informal or formal language. They also include explanation or communication of the appropriate emotion for the occasion. Make sure that is uses clear language and is easy to follow. You also may like to include short stories or anecdotes. The main audiences may include friends and relatives at social events, weddings, parties, funerals etc.