Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
by Matias Pietruszka
Definition of OCD
Signs and Symptoms of OCD
Signs and symptoms include...
- Constant uncertainty, doubt, or fear
- Being preoccupied with whether something could be dangerous or that bad things may happen (obsessions)
- Worrying about things not being in order or just right
- Worrying about losing things, needing to collect such items
- Feeling strong urges to do things repeatedly (rituals/compulsions) to get rid of scary thoughts and make sure everything is safe and right
- Obsessions (maybe worrying about germs) are accompanied with compulsions (maybe an urge to wash hands and other things)
- Feeling a brief sense of relief after compulsion
How Does OCD Affect Someone?
Other Names for OCD
OCD can be treated with...
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) uses methods called exposure/ritual preventions (ERP)
- This helps people learn to use their behavioral power to change their thoughts
- A person learns how OCD works, how giving into compulsions can make OCD stronger, and how resisting OCD makes OCD weaker
- A support group can help people deal with their OCD
- CBT "resets" the brain mechanisms that trigger obsessions and compulsions
- Treatment can take between a couple of months to years
- Medicine may be prescribed to victims of OCD in serious cases