Chapter 14

The correction system

Main Ideas

  • When someone is found guilty, or convicted of a crime the corrections system takes over.
  • Criminals granted probation are allowed to return to their communities to live and work.
  • Criminals must pay a fine or pay for the damage caused.
  • Criminals must do volunteer work in the community, such as picking up litter, counciling students, or serving meals to the homeless.
  • Criminals lose their freedom and privacy, and must live in a prison for a specified period of time.
  • Some states allow the death penalty for the most serious crimes.
  • If the prisoner violates the rules of parole, he/she can be sent back to jail.

Key Words

  • Probation- act of a suspending the sentence of a criminal offender giving him or her freedom under the supervision of an officer of the law.
  • Parole- release from prison or jail before the full term is up on condition of lawful behavior and with the requirements regular reporting to an officer of the court.