First Aid: Adults

the basics

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Five Tips You Should Know

  1. don't use pediatric AED pads or equipment on someone older than 8 or weighing more than 55 pounds
  2. when using AEDs, make sure that none, including yourself, is touching the patient
  3. after dressing and bandaging an injury, make sure to check for circulation beyond the injury; you should check for feeling, warmth, and color
  4. if you are providing care for someone with a head injury and their head is sharply turned to one side, it is important to not move it from that position
  5. for advice when treating a conscious and alert person for poisoning, you should call the National Poison Control Center hotline at 1-800-222-1222

Stroke? Think FAST

use this acronym to determine whether or not someone has experienced a stroke:


  • Face; ask the person to smile, check to see if one side of their face droops
  • Arm; ask them to raise both arms, check if one arm drifts downwards'
  • Speech; ask them to repeat a simple sentences, listen to see if their speech is slurred or if they are unable to repeat the sentence
  • Time; call 9-1-1 immediately if you recognize any signs of a stroke