Lets Destroy Deforestation
By Lewis and Skyler
Deforestation is the international clearing of trees. Companies deforest for reasons such as raising cattle, and roads, mining, timber and other reasons. Deforestation is a huge problem! It reaches all environmental problems. Deforestation releases large sums of CO2 or carbon dioxide, causing air pollution. After deforestation the soil becomes less fertile and is washed away, causing water pollution and erosion. As you can see, this is a huge problem. There are many good reasons for deforestation, meaning we need what it provides, but we don't need its disadvantages. Here are its advantages, which, by the way, only result in disadvantages. Cattle Ranching- Many areas in Brazil have been cut down to make room for red meat (pigs, cows, etc.). Most of this goes to, guess where, America. Palm oil, tea and other exports- In the past 10 years, Indonesian palm oil production has tripled. Now they produce 80% of the world’s palm oil.
Agricultural expansion- In Mate Grosso (a Brazilian state), the land was all forest. Then soy was introduced. Today they produce 34% of the world’s soy.Timber- It's the main cause, and is highly useful. It can be used for paper, wood, food,medicine, and more. Today 80 to 90% of it is from Brazil and Indonesia. Mining- It's pretty unusual, but happens a lot. Actually, in 2008 research in Durham, North Carolina,said there was gold in Peru. So they cut down 15,200 acres to look for gold. Nothing. Then they released mercury to release the sentiment from gold. Still nothing.
All of these have their advantages, but are its effects even worth it. Read the next segment and find out.
The effects of cattle ranching are terrible. They include loss of trees, But when
the waste, chemicals, and hormones wash away they pollute soil and water around it.
Palm oil- Palm oil has a big impact on local forest. They are cut down causing habitat loss to local animals. The palm oil isn't useful to them, so they sell them for exports. Also roads are made when trees are cut down and can stretch for miles. Agricultural expansion- It also causes the cutting of local rainforests and affects local animals plus tractors release constant smoke.
Timber- This is the most effective here's what it causes; destruction of trees. Erosion which causes landslides and fragmentation in the soil. Reduces water quality when floods occur, it washes soil into lakes and streams. Reduces flood prevention – when there's a lack of trees, water can eventually flood an area. Reduced food – not only for animals, but for poor countries get food from their forests. Altered weather patterns – It releases CO2 causing either longer droughts or longer rain. Global warming – CO2 is released causing more of the suns heat to stay trapped in Earth's atmosphere. Mining causes sediment to be release and large amounts of trees to be cleared. Also, poison gas is released, so nothing will grow afterwords.