Lets Destroy Deforestation

By Lewis and Skyler



Deforestation is the international clearing of trees. Companies deforest for reasons such as raising cattle, and roads, mining, timber and other reasons. Deforestation is a huge problem! It reaches all environmental problems. Deforestation releases large sums of CO2 or carbon dioxide, causing air pollution. After deforestation the soil becomes less fertile and is washed away, causing water pollution and erosion. As you can see, this is a huge problem. There are many good reasons for deforestation, meaning we need what it provides, but we don't need its disadvantages. Here are its advantages, which, by the way, only result in disadvantages. Cattle Ranching- Many areas in Brazil have been cut down to make room for red meat (pigs, cows, etc.). Most of this goes to, guess where, America. Palm oil, tea and other exports- In the past 10 years, Indonesian palm oil production has tripled. Now they produce 80% of the world’s palm oil.

Agricultural expansion- In Mate Grosso (a Brazilian state), the land was all forest. Then soy was introduced. Today they produce 34% of the world’s soy.Timber- It's the main cause, and is highly useful. It can be used for paper, wood, food,medicine, and more. Today 80 to 90% of it is from Brazil and Indonesia. Mining- It's pretty unusual, but happens a lot. Actually, in 2008 research in Durham, North Carolina,said there was gold in Peru. So they cut down 15,200 acres to look for gold. Nothing. Then they released mercury to release the sentiment from gold. Still nothing.

All of these have their advantages, but are its effects even worth it. Read the next segment and find out.



The effects of cattle ranching are terrible. They include loss of trees, But when

the waste, chemicals, and hormones wash away they pollute soil and water around it.

Palm oil- Palm oil has a big impact on local forest. They are cut down causing habitat loss to local animals. The palm oil isn't useful to them, so they sell them for exports. Also roads are made when trees are cut down and can stretch for miles. Agricultural expansion- It also causes the cutting of local rainforests and affects local animals plus tractors release constant smoke.

Timber- This is the most effective here's what it causes; destruction of trees. Erosion which causes landslides and fragmentation in the soil. Reduces water quality when floods occur, it washes soil into lakes and streams. Reduces flood prevention – when there's a lack of trees, water can eventually flood an area. Reduced food – not only for animals, but for poor countries get food from their forests. Altered weather patterns – It releases CO2 causing either longer droughts or longer rain. Global warming – CO2 is released causing more of the suns heat to stay trapped in Earth's atmosphere. Mining causes sediment to be release and large amounts of trees to be cleared. Also, poison gas is released, so nothing will grow afterwords.


What is a solution to deforestation?You’ve learned about the problem and the solution. Now let’s talk about the important thing. This is a combination of several websites and personalities views on how to stop deforestation.REDD is United Nations and World Bank’s current solution to stop deforestation. It aims to increase the economic value of forests by essentially fining companies for the amount of greenhouse gases they release by cutting down forests. Although in theory REDD could work; REDD does not work. Companies pay a small fee for making millions on timber? No brainer.The best way to stop deforestation is to stop cutting down trees totally (this is really quite obvious). But for financial reasons, the chances of this happening are very slim. A possible solution would be to stop clear-cutting and begin to start selective cutting and other methods that do not kill as many trees .The only problem is that when cutting down trees using the method of selective cutting, many, many more trees are damaged. It is estimated that for every 3 trees cut down, 49 are badly damaged.I think the best method to stop deforestation is to work with the native peoples, and secure their rights to the land. Then any loggers or farmers looking to cut down trees will be trespassing, destroying property and vandalizing, not to mention stealing! We need to work with the native peoples to secure their rights to the land they have lived on forever. We also need to work on better enforcing currently existing laws.

Other facts about deforestation

-In the rainforest, an area the size of a football field is lost to deforestation each second.-Rainforests used to cover 14% of the earth's surface, but due to deforestation they now cover approximately 6%.-There there used to be over 6 million people that lived in the rainforest.-At this rate of deforestation in the rainforest loss, 5–10 percent of tropical rainforest species will be lost every 10 years. ( So, in a hundred years there could be NO MORE RAINFOREST SPECIES)-Almost 90 percent of the 1.2 billion people living in extreme poverty worldwide totally depend on the forest.-More than 56,000 square miles of natural forest are lost each year.

Facts about the forest itself

In case for some reason you needed more convincing on why we should save the forests, here a few facts.-One in four medicines we take have a plant in them that will become extinct when we cut down the rainforest.-Rainforests cover only 6% of the Earths surface but yet they contain more than 1/2 of the world plant and animal species!-As many as 30 million species of plants and animals live in tropical rainforests. -We get all of these things from the rainforestmedicine chocolatea lot of fruit, such as bananas and guavascoffeepalm oil (an ingredient in Girl Scout Cookies)And a ton of other stuff!