Extra! Extra! All you need to know about Canada!
Environmental Issues of Canada:
Acid rain has affected The Great Lakes because it has raised the acidity of the lakes and that makes it harder for things to grow and live. Also, acid rain has reduced the lake’s calcium deposits which lowers the calcium levels in the soil and that throws everything out of balance.
The Canadian Shield is a large area of thin, rocky soil around the Hudson Bay. This area has large deposits of gold, zinc, silver, copper, and uranium. There’s 1.5 million people working in the mining industry. Mining has ruined the land and environment around the Canadian Shield because blasting and digging with heavy machinery causes the land around mines to become damaged.
Considering almost half of Canadian land is covered in forests, timber is a great resource. In fact, Canada is a leading producer of timber products. However, citizens are concerned that too much timber cutting has taken place and this may be ruining the environment. The reasons for their concerns are that timber companies cut away all the trees in an area and leave large, treeless gaps which reduces water quality, causes erosion, and kill animal habitats. There is also concern that heavy machinery leaves the forest floor compacted which makes it hard for new forest growth to start.
Did you know that Canada is a constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy, AND a federation? Well, let me explain: Power is divided between central authority and several regional authorities. There is real executive power and a leader in the majority party. Canada has a Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II, The Monarch of the United Kingdom. Canada has a Governor General, His Excellency the Right Honorable David Johnston, of whom stands in for the monarch. Canada has a Prime Minister, The Right Honorable Stephen Harper, of whom holds the most political power and works closely with the legislature. The Legislature in Parliament has a Senate with 105 seats and a House of Commons with 308 seats.
Canadian citizens play certain roles in their government systems. Citizens must be 18 or older to vote, but voting isn't required by law. Citizens indirectly elect the Prime Minister by voting for members of the House of Commons.