Albrecht Dürer

1471 – 1528

Albrecht Dürer

  • born on May 21, 1471 in Nuremberg, Holy Roman Empire
  • lived in Italy, Netherlands, and Nuremberg
  • was an apprentice to Michael Wolgemut at the age of 15, learned Gothic style
  • studied woodcutting and metal engraving under the family of the deceased painter-engraver Martin Schöngauer in Basel
  • spent most of his time in Nuremberg
  • was unhappily married to Agnes Frey
  • liked to travel for his work
  • was a painter, print-maker, and theorist
  • his most famous works were the Devil (1513), Saint Jerome in his Study (1514) and Melencolia I (1514)

  • he did not have any patrons but his engravings gained fame across Europe

  • used classicism for using classical techniques and applying them to the time period

  • uses humanism to express his opinions in his work

Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand Christians (1508)

  • held in the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien in Germany
  • it was originally made on wood and then transferred to canvas, the new material of the time

  • it describes the crucifixions of Christians during the crusades. The bright colors of the painting contrast the anger, slavery, brutality, and murdering going on. Although this painting shows the mistreatment of the Christians, it also can overall show how humans mistreat each other

  • humanism is used to show the artist’s emotions and opinions towards the subject matter

  • I find this interesting because of how many different ways people are depicted hurting others and how cruel of a painting it is with the contrast of such bright colors