The Land Ordinance of 1785
The Land Ordinance was made by the Continental Congress in 1785. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress didn't have the power to raise money by direct taxation of the United States. Therefore, the goal of the ordinance was to raise money by selling land in the largely unmapped territory west of the original states, which they received after the end of the Revolutionary War in the 1783 Treaty of Paris. There were 36 sections with 640 acres in each section. All of the money from section 16 went to schooling and each acre was no less than 1$.