The Progressive Era

By: Edwin Cheung

Who were the Progressives?

Progressives were reformers who attempted to solve problems caused by industry, growth of cities, and laissez faire.
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What were their motives?

Their motives were to reform the government and fix the laissez faire.
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Federal Reform

Pure Food and Drug Act: Federal agents to inspect other foods and medicine and banned interstate shipment of impure food and the mislabeling of food/drugs.
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State Reform

In 1900, in Gaweston, Texas a hurricane killed 8,000 people. This resulted in the city placing a mayor in place and a five person commission to run the town.
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Worcester, Massachusetts, is the site of the first National Women's Rights Convention. Frederick Douglass, Paulina Wright Davis, Abby Kelley Foster, William Lloyd Garrison, Lucy Stone and Sojourner Truth are in attendance. A strong alliance is formed with the Abolitionist Movement.


Worcester, Massachusetts is the site of the second National Women's Rights Convention. Participants included Horace Mann, New York Tribune columnist Elizabeth Oaks Smith, and Reverend Harry Ward Beecher, one of the nation's most popular preachers.

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Societal Reform

Clayton Anti-Trust Act: exempted farm cooperatives and legitimate labor unions activities. This Act attempted to strengthen the Sherman anti-trust Act by identifying specific illegal practices and business combinations that are against the law.
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Big Business Regulations : Bull Moose

Core of Theodore Roosevelt's leadership. A trust controlled an entire industry but provided good service at reasonable rates, it was a "good" trust to be left alone. Only the "bad" trusts that jacked up rates and exploited consumers would come under attack.
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The 16th Amendment

Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
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The 17th Amendment

Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislatures.
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The 18th Amendment

Established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring illegal the production, transport and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession).
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The 19th Amendment

Granted women the right to vote, prohibiting any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920 after a long struggle known as the women's suffrage movement.
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