John Locke

English philosopher

Biography

Birth

John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, Somerset, England.

Death

John Locke had health issues and died on October 28, 1704, in Essex, England. After his death, though, his ideas were still being passed on in the Western country of what we now call America.

Home Country

John Locke was born in Wrington, Somerset, England. He went to school in London and later went to Oxford to attend Christ Church. Later, he moved to London and died in Essex, which is where he lived in the last decade of his life.

Family

His parents were Puritans and his father was a lawyer and captain in the military. He was given a great education due to his family's position.

Fun Fact!

Thomas Jefferson used John Locke's ideas about natural rights in the Declaration of Independence and Constitution.

Quotes from John Locke

"All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions."

This explains how everyone has inalienable rights that cannot be harmed.


"The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings capable of law, where there is no law, there is no freedom."

This explains how law is important to people and how without law, there is no freedom.


"All men are liable to error; and most men are, in many points, by passion or interest, under temptation to it."

People are prone to making mistakes due to certain things.


"New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common."

Everyone has different opinions and some people don't respect that opinion because it is different from their own.


"Our deeds disguise us. People need endless time to try on their deeds, until each knows the proper deeds for him to do. But every day, every hour, rushes by. There is no time."

What we do can change the world, if you do the right thing and it can take longer than expected. But, over time, we can do the right thing and it can affect us greatly.

Summary

Ideas

Some ideas of John Locke were natural rights, which are rights that are given to you at birth. The rights are life, liberty, and property. Another idea was separation of power, which is when the government is split into different branches and each branch shares the power. Montesquieu expanded on John Locke's idea about separation of power.

Influence

John Locke inspired Thomas Jefferson and the Founding Fathers with ideas for the Constitution. Some of his ideas included natural rights, which are life, liberty, and property. Thomas Jefferson strongly believed in the idea of "inalienable rights." John Locke also mentioned in his writings the idea "separation of power," which included two different branches of government that worked together. Our government today has different branches of government that share the power between the executive, judicial, and legislative branch. Because of these actions and inspiration from John Locke, they decided to add these principles to the Constitution.
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