Ch. 23 - The Gilded Age
Josh Syre - Pd. 4 APUSH
The term gilded was fabricated by writers Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner. These two writers, using the term to ridicule the era, believed it was a time of social problems outlined by a small cover of gold gilding, or seemingly, success in the U.S.
Strikes played a significant role throughout the era, both economically and politically. Different workers would refuse to work until their specific desires and demands were met (i.e. their living and working conditions, pay, etc.
Election of Grant (1868)
The previous president, Andrew Johnson (succeeding assassinated president Abraham Lincoln) failed in his attempt to receive the Democratic presidential nomination due to his impeachment by congress. Instead, Democrats nominated Horatio Seymour to take on Republican nominee and former general and Civil War hero Ulysses S. Grant. Grant was well known in the North due to his successful ending of the Civil War for the Union.
The "Bloody Shirt" Campaign
The campaign was employed by the Republican party following the Civil War. They charged the Democratic party with disloyalty to the Union, otherwise known as waving the bloody shirt (the practice of politicians in reference to the blood of the martyrs or heroes to criticize their opponents). This campaign helped the Republicans defeat the Democrats in many close elections. It also helped them keep control over congress until 1874, as well as the presidency until 1884.