Gamma Rays

By: Autumn O'Shields

Ways Gamma Rays Are Used:

  • To kill cancer cells
  • to sterilize food and medical equipment
  • during nuclear explosions
  • in lightning

Wavelength range: <10^-12m

Frequency range: >10^20 Hz

NASA | What Are Gamma Rays?

In the video we learn that Gamma Rays are the strongest waves! They are produced by the hottest and most energetic objects in the universe, such as neutron stars and pulsars, supernova explosions, and regions around black holes.

How do Gamma Rays Kill Cancer? ... (and cause it!)

Impact of Neulasta

Neulasta reduces the occurrence of low white blood cell count with fever through multiple strong chemo cycles. "The group of people that received Neulasta with each chemo cycle had 94% fewer cases of febrile neutropenia. This results show the benefits of taking Neulasta with each and every cycle of chemo." (neulasta.com)

Materials/Instruments involved:

-Neulasta is a man-made form of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, which is made using the bacteria Escherichia coli.

-A prefilled syringe, cotton ball, and alcohol swab, are all needed for Neulasta because when given to the patient it is injected by using a needle (like getting a shot).

-Each syringe contains pegfilgrastim in a sterile, clear, colorless, preservative-free solution containing acetate, sorbitol, polysorbate 20, and sodium.

What is Neulasta?

Neulasta is a type of cancer treatment, and it is used to reduce the risk of infection in patients with some tumors receiving strong chemotherapy that decreases the number of infection-fighting white blood cells. ("How Neulasta Works")

When and Who created/founded Neulasta?

It was first put out for use on April 1st, 2002, and manufactured by Amgen Inc.in California.
Hair || White Blood Cell Counts Neulasta reg; pegfilgrastim

Neulasta is one of the most common drugs used to support the immune system by boosting the production of white-blood cells.

Why are white blood cells even needed?

When you're going through cancer, you can have a low white blood count causing bad headaches and fever and by using neulasta your white blood cells will go up causing it not to be as painful while reducing and slimming down the cancer tumor.

CITATIONS

"The Electromagnetic Spectrum: Gamma Rays." The Electromagnetic Spectrum: Gamma Rays. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.


"NASA Science." Gamma Rays. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.


"Neulasta - FDA Prescribing Information, Side Effects and Uses." Neulasta - FDA Prescribing Information, Side Effects and Uses. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.


"Learn About Neulasta® (pegfilgrastim)." White Blood Cell Counts. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.


"Gamma." Electromagnetic Spectrum. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.