Hole in the Ozone

By Jordan Enevold

The Problem

A hole in the ozone effects the environment in many different ways. The ozone hole started to form in Antarctica in 1979. When we stopped using dangerous chemicals, which were destroying the ozone layer, it started to repair itself. If we continue to abandon these harmful chemicals, the ozone is predicted to repair itself by 2065.

The Ozone Hole

The ozone layer forms a thin shield that protects the earth from ultra violate rays or UV rays. When there is a hole in the ozone, we don't get the necessary protection against the ultra violate rays. These rays are very dangerous for many reasons, and some of the dangerous effects are eye damage and skin cancer.
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Chemicals are a huge reason that the ozone layer is fading. Some examples of chemicals that damage the ozone layer are halons, which are used in fire extinguishers and pesticides, and methyl chlorofor used in businesses. Chloro-Fluoro-Carbons or CFCs are very dangerous to our ozone and was one of the reasons that it was disappearing. CFCs were once used in many refrigerators and in aearosols. Now, CFCs are hardly used, and most counties have stopped using them, too.


There are many ways to prevent the ozone layer from becoming thinner and eventually becoming a hole. We can try to use our cars less often. For example, trying to carpool, and if the drive is a short distance, then we can walk if it's nice outside. In addition, pollution indoors can be reduced by ensuring that all gas appliances are working correctly. We can try to stay away from dangerous chemicals that will damage the earth and its ozone layer. Finally, the government has taken action along with many other nations throughout the world and has signed an agreement to end the production of CFCs and other chemicals that are damaging the ozone layer.
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Humans are the reason that the ozone layer is falling apart, and it's now our job to fix it. The hole is effecting our health in many ways, such as too much UV radiation. We must begin to care more for the world we live in. Everyone has to stop using so many dangerous chemicals because this is not just our home, it's the home to over 7 billion other people and many plants and animals. We must take action on this dangerous global issue.



www.epa.org 2009


Earth Matters by David De Rothschild