(SCOTLAND, GREAT BRITAIN)
HISTORY ABOUT EDINBURGH
Edinburgh began as a fortress (Castle Rock). In the 7th century the Inglés captured this part of Scotland and They called this place Eiden's burgh.
Late in the 11th century King Malcolm III built a castle on Castle Rock and a small town grew up nearby. By the early 12th century Edinburgh was a flourishing community.
Edinburgh has been the capital of Scotland since 1437 and gained city status in 1889.
In the 21st century Edinburgh continued to thrive. Ocean Terminal Shopping Centre opened in 2001. A tram system was built in Edinburgh. Today the population of Edinburgh is 477,000.
The Edinburgh Festival is an umbrella term for various events and festivals that Edinburgh welcomes all summer , especially in August . The first Edinburgh International Festival (the most important of all) has been held since 1947 .
Los cuatros festivales más importantes y los precursores de lo que es ahora el Festival de Edimburgo son los siguientes:
● Edinburgh International Festival.
● Edinburgh Festival Fringe.
●Edinburgh International Film Festival.
● Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo.
Football is the most popular sport. There is a league organized into four divisions usually dominated by one team in Edinburgh. One is the Heart of Midlothian (the Hearts), which is the Tynecastle Stadium.
Rugby is also another popular sport, as Scotland competes in the Six Nations Championship. Today the national team is in trouble. Murrayfield is the center of Scottish rugby matches.
Another of the most popular sports in Edinburgh are ice hockey and curling.
In addition, you can attend the popular horse races at Musselburgh Racecourse (Hippodrome Musselburgh), on the outskirts of the city.
EDINBURGH, CITY OF LITERATURE
Edinburgh sweat literature for each of their pores. Everything in the city seems willing to be the setting for a fairy tale or darkness.
In the past, the press was one of the most important sectors of the city that spawned the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica in 1768 and Chambers publishers like Random House or Collins. No wonder that in 2004, Unesco declared the first Edinburgh City of Literature in the world.
One of the best known authors of this city is Robert Louis Stevenson, a novelist, poet and essayist. His legacy is a vast work that includes travelogues, and historical adventure novels and poetry and essays.
He is known primarily as the author of some of the fantastic stories and classic adventures of juvenile literature, Treasure Island, the historical novel The Black Arrow and the popular horror novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Since the persecution of black 39 Steps Hitchcock and white until the frantic pursuit of the opening scene from Trainspotting, streets and landscapes of Edinburgh have seduced buffs in countless occasions.
Edinburgh has one of the best film festivals in Europe.
Perhaps the Scottish capital not yet reach the prominence of other customary cities or tourist has become muse of directors like Woody Allen, but Edinburgh has something different: a natural magnetism that becomes a film set even when no cameras around.
PLACES TO VISIT
If you ever visit Edinburgh, you can't forget to walk the Royal Mile, or visit the castle, or Holyroodhouse Palace. Royal Mile is the most famous avenue, the avenue that links the castle with the palace. It is situated in the heart of Edinburgh's Old Town. It measures 1800 meters and it highlights four zones or districts: Castlehill, Lawnmarket, High Street and Canongate.
Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress in the city center. It has been used for the purpose of a military nature from the twelfth century. It is located on the top of the Royal Mile
Holyroodhouse Palace was used as a monastery and founded by David I in 1128. It has served as the principal residence of the kings and queens of Scotland since the fifteenth century
Another relevant sites to visit are Princes Street Gardens, are public parks, (the best known of the city) that is located at the foot of the castle, between the Royal Mile and Princes Street. It is considered part of the "New City".