Types of Mining

Quit your whining and read about mining

Surface VS Subsurface

Surface mining occurs when the resources are extracted from the surface [strip, open pit, mountain top removal]. Subsurface mining occurs when miners need to use tunnels to go underground and get the resources [slope, drift, shaft].

Fun fact: Sub- is the Latin root meaning under


What is it?

Hydrolic fracturing:

Holes are drilled int the ground and a fluid is put in the cracks to fracture shale rocks and release natural gas


  • Chemicals can get in the groundwater
  • Pollution
  • Earthquakes

By: Maura Barilla, Maria Christenbury, and Madison Dahl