Child and Infant CPR/Choking
Know what to do in an emergency
Assess the Situation
1. Check for Responsiveness - Tap the victim's shoulder and shout "Are you okay?"
- If responsive, ask for consent to call emergency services, then stay with the victim until emergency services arrive, administering first aid if needed
- If there is no response, administer 2 minutes of care before calling 9-1-1, then continue administering care until emergency services arrive
2. Clear Airway and Check for Breathing - Tilt the head and lift the chin, then listen for breathing for no more than 10 seconds. If there is no breathing, give 2 rescue breaths.
- If there is breathing, treat any other injuries then wait for emergency services to arrive
- If the victim is gasping or choking or their chest does not rise when you give rescue breaths, then treat them for choking
- If there is no breathing and the victim is not choking, then administer CPR
Infant - Give 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts (place fingers in middle of chest, compress 1 1/2") until the infant can cough, cry, or breathe or becomes unconscious.
Child/Infant CPR (C-A-B)
Give 30 compressions at a pace on 100 beats per minute. For a child, use one hand to compress the chest 2 inches. For an infant, use 2 or 3 fingers to compress the chest 1 1/2".
Tilt the head back to clear the airway and listen for breathing for no more than 10 seconds. Check for a pulse on the caroted artery of a child or the inside of an infant's elbow. If there is breathing and a pulse, wait for emergency services. If not, then continue with CPR.
Administer 2 rescue breaths, breathing enough to see the chest rise, or about 1 second. If you are uncomfortable with this step, you can skip it and continue with compressions. Continue CPR until the victim is breathing and has a pulse or emergency care arrives.