Child and Infant CPR/Choking

Know what to do in an emergency

Assess the Situation

If an adult appears unconscious or in need of help:

1. Check for Responsiveness - Tap the victim's shoulder and shout "Are you okay?"

  • If responsive, ask for consent to call emergency services, then stay with the victim until emergency services arrive, administering first aid if needed
  • If there is no response, administer 2 minutes of care before calling 9-1-1, then continue administering care until emergency services arrive

2. Clear Airway and Check for Breathing - Tilt the head and lift the chin, then listen for breathing for no more than 10 seconds. If there is no breathing, give 2 rescue breaths.

  • If there is breathing, treat any other injuries then wait for emergency services to arrive
  • If the victim is gasping or choking or their chest does not rise when you give rescue breaths, then treat them for choking
  • If there is no breathing and the victim is not choking, then administer CPR

Conscious Choking

Child - Give 5 back blows (bend them over at the waist, then hit between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand) followed by 5 abdominal thrusts (wrap arms around the waist, give a quick upward thrust with hands), and continue this until the person can breathe or becomes unconscious.

Infant - Give 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts (place fingers in middle of chest, compress 1 1/2") until the infant can cough, cry, or breathe or becomes unconscious.

Unconscious Choking

If victim is unconscious and unable to breathe, give 2 rescue breaths, 30 chest compressions, then try to dislodge the object. Repeat if you are unable to dislodge the object.

Child/Infant CPR (C-A-B)