Coastal Plains Biome
North Carolina's coastal plains are part of the Atlantic coastal plains, which extend 2,200 miles from the New York Bight southward to a Georgia/Florida section of the Eastern Continental Divide. The Coastal Plain is the easternmost region of North Carolina. From the Atlantic Ocean it rises gently to the west, stretching as far as Raleigh and Fayettevile, and covering about 45% of the states total land area.It is separated from the Piedmont region by a fall line.
During the summer, the North Carolina Coastal Plains are generally cooler than locations inland, by about three to five degrees. The lesser temperatures are due to the sea winds, which help make the temperature feel cooler than it actually is. The temperatures are also affected by relative humidity rates of about 75% annually. Average temperatures along the NC Coastal Plains in January are around 40 degrees. While average temperature in August is around 90 degrees on most of the coast.
Plants & Animals
The Coastal Plains's many rivers, streams, and wetlands are the lifeblood of this region. They provide a rich habitat for the plants and animals, soaking up flood waters and feeding North Carolina's sounds and bays. In these low lying areas, a rise of mere inches in elevation can bring a host of different species and habitat types. The Coastal Plain has some of the richest biodiversity found anywhere in the world, supporting an amazing range of plant life. Rare animals (some federally endangered) live here like the cockaded woodpecker, as do black bear, the bald eagle, and the American alligator. Some of the plants located in teh coastal plains are sunflowers, cypress trees, Orchids, and Lilies.