Social - Emotional Development

Birth - Age 2


  • Temperament refers to the quality and intensity of the child's emotional reaction.
  • There are various factors of temperament are....
  • Passivity: when the child is involved with surroundings.
  • Irritability:a high or low tendency to feel distressed.
  • Activity Patterns: is when the child vary on the infant.
  • Parents need to adjust there child's temperament.


  • The strong emotional connection development between people.
  • Infants usually attach to caregivers.
  • That includes... Mother, Father, Caregivers, or siblings.
  • The quality of attachment depends on adult.
  • Separation Anxiety is another attachment behavior.
  • Attachment begins earlier in life.
  • Even young babies show signs of anxiety.

Changes Over Time

Changes Over Time II

  • Caregivers can see changes over time.
  • Seeing the changes emotionally and socially.

Birth to Three months:

  • Newborns do not have very refined emotions
  • May show excitement and distressed
  • Excitement by looking alert will be smiling or wiggling
  • No tears when the child cries
Three to Six months:

  • At 3 months use laughter and smiling to respond
  • Happy sounds when feed, held, hold, or played with
  • Starts to notice smiles of other babies
  • Crying is still showing distressed
  • Child starts to use different cries
Six to Twelve months:

  • Infants become more actively involved
  • Child will express happiness, joy, and surprise
  • Child may cry in sight of a stranger
  • Child grows into attachment with the caregiver
Twelve to Twenty-Four months:

  • Child still shows separation anxiety (early in the stage)
  • Theses children are interested in exploring more
  • The child should be taking interest into other children
  • But does interact much with the child
  • More aware of own abilities
  • Becoming self aware like to say 'no'
  • Help the child understand the rules