Gender Vs. Cases of Insomnia

By: Teena Thomas and Kriti Gautam

Introduction:

Insomnia is a condition in which a person experiences difficulty falling and staying asleep. People which insomnia often experiences fatigue, loss of appetite , and lack of concentration. Insomnia could occur due to heightened levels of stress, a change in sleeping environment, certain medication or unhealthy eating habits.

Question:

Who experiences more cases of insomnia , women or men?

Type of Investigation

The experiment comparing which gender has more cases of insomnia is a comparative experiment.

Subjects:

The subjects of this experiment are the students at Coppell High School (grades 9-12).

Hypothesis:

Female students of Coppell High School will experience more cases of insomnia than do male students of Coppell High School.

Independent Variable:

The independent variable of this experiment is the gender of each subject.

Dependent Variable:

The dependent variable of this experiment is the number of sleep each subject receives.

Materials: Questionnaire

Question 1: What is your gender?


Question 2: How often in a week would you find yourself awake in the middle of the night?


Question 3: How often in a week do you take more than 10 minutes to fall asleep?

Procedure:

A questionnaire was formed to collect data from 26 subjects at Coppell High School. The results where gathered from 13 males and 13 female students (ages 14-18) of Coppell High School to ensure each gender was equally accounted for.

Observations

According to the results collected from this experiment, females on average are faced with more cases of insomnia.

Data

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Conclusion ( CER Analysis):

According to the experiment conducted the hypothesis formed ( female students of Coppell High School will experience more cases of insomnia than do male students of Coppell High School) was proven to be correct. As per the data collected during this experiment an average of 1.92308 females find themselves awake in the middle of the night in a week (question 1) while only an average of 1.91667 males find themselves awake during the middle of the night in a week (question 1). Although there is only a 0.0064 difference this data shows that gender does plays a role in the cases of insomnia. As per the data collected during this experiment there were average of 3.77 females who would take more than 10 minutes to fall asleep. While on the other hand only 1.75 males would take more than 10 minutes to fall asleep. There is a 2.02 difference between female and male. This is indicative that females experience more cases of insomnia than do men. The error bars do not overlap, so there is a significant difference with men having less cases than women. Women are more likely to get insomnia because of hormonal changes with their menstrual cycle.

Conclusion (not the analysis)

The hypothesis was supported, females will have more symptoms of insomnia at Coppell High School.

Sources of Error

We tested a small number of people in a small age group. To get more accurate results we need to test a variety of people with all different ages and ethnic group.

Bibliography

"EPublications." Insomnia Fact Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.