(Early) Period II [1607-1754]
S. Graves (1/4/16)
APUSH Review: Period 2 (1607 - 1754) In 10 Minutes!
Colonies "under" the British
Types of Colonies
- Corporate - (Joint-Stock) The colony belonged to a company; mostly found in early colonies [Think early Jamestown]
- Royal - Colonies under direct rule of the English government (Monarchs included) [Think Virginia after 1624]
- Proprietary - In which a colony is given to a loyal follower, friend or family member of the King as a sign of good will and is ruled by said person in the King's stead [Think early Maryland]
The Restoration Colonies
- South Carolina - 1670; Was originally the southern half a large plot of land, Carolina, given to the eight lord proprietors; well-known for rice and indigo and later cotton economies
- North Carolina - 1712; broke away from the southern; known for democratic views as well as autonomy from England
- New York - Given to the Duke of York (later King James); was taken from the Dutch; used to close up the gap between the Chesapeake and New England colonies
- New Jersey - The territory of New York was split by James and given to Lord Berkeley and another, who split it again; eventually combined into New Jersey after much confusion
- Pennsylvania - Given to William Penn as a re-paid debt from the royal family; was home to his "Holy Experiment"
- Delaware - The three lower counties of Pennsylvania were given their own assembly; however still had same governor as Pennsylvania for a while longer
- Georgia - The last colony; 1733; was originally a buffer state full of debtors between the Carolinas and the Spanish-held Florida; was strictly run by Oglethorpe and his group of philanthropists
Immigrants to the Colonies
- Huguenots - French Protestants; fled religious prosecution in France; five percent of immigrants to the colonies
- Pennsylvania Dutch - German immigrants; six percent of the colonial population
- Scotch-Irish - Immigrants from Northern Ireland; seven percent of the population
Earliest Colonial Government
- House of Burgesses - Jamestown, VA; 1619; first representative assembly in America
Short Details - Penn and the Quakers
- Penn's Holy Experiment - An area of land - named Pennsylvania - given to William Penn (Quaker convert) to pay off the royal family's debt to his father; colony was made as a refuge to those fleeing persecution; freedom to worship
- The Quakers - Religious Society of Friends; didn't differentiate between gender or socioeconomic classes; nonviolent; didn't believe religious authority came form the bible or minster/pastor
Migration and Settlement [MIG] - 1.0
MIG 1.0 - Explain the causes of migration to colonial North America and later, the United States, and analyze immigration's effects on U.S. society.
Culture and Society [CUL] - 1.0
CUL 1.0 - Explain how religious groups and ideas have affected American society and political life.