(Early) Period II [1607-1754]

S. Graves (1/4/16)

APUSH Review: Period 2 (1607 - 1754) In 10 Minutes!

Colonies "under" the British

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Types of Colonies

  • Corporate - (Joint-Stock) The colony belonged to a company; mostly found in early colonies [Think early Jamestown]

  • Royal - Colonies under direct rule of the English government (Monarchs included) [Think Virginia after 1624]

  • Proprietary - In which a colony is given to a loyal follower, friend or family member of the King as a sign of good will and is ruled by said person in the King's stead [Think early Maryland]

The Restoration Colonies

  • South Carolina - 1670; Was originally the southern half a large plot of land, Carolina, given to the eight lord proprietors; well-known for rice and indigo and later cotton economies

  • North Carolina - 1712; broke away from the southern; known for democratic views as well as autonomy from England

  • New York - Given to the Duke of York (later King James); was taken from the Dutch; used to close up the gap between the Chesapeake and New England colonies

  • New Jersey - The territory of New York was split by James and given to Lord Berkeley and another, who split it again; eventually combined into New Jersey after much confusion

  • Pennsylvania - Given to William Penn as a re-paid debt from the royal family; was home to his "Holy Experiment"

  • Delaware - The three lower counties of Pennsylvania were given their own assembly; however still had same governor as Pennsylvania for a while longer

  • Georgia - The last colony; 1733; was originally a buffer state full of debtors between the Carolinas and the Spanish-held Florida; was strictly run by Oglethorpe and his group of philanthropists
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Immigrants to the Colonies

  • Huguenots - French Protestants; fled religious prosecution in France; five percent of immigrants to the colonies

  • Pennsylvania Dutch - German immigrants; six percent of the colonial population

  • Scotch-Irish - Immigrants from Northern Ireland; seven percent of the population

Earliest Colonial Government

  • House of Burgesses - Jamestown, VA; 1619; first representative assembly in America
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Short Details - Penn and the Quakers

  • Penn's Holy Experiment - An area of land - named Pennsylvania - given to William Penn (Quaker convert) to pay off the royal family's debt to his father; colony was made as a refuge to those fleeing persecution; freedom to worship

  • The Quakers - Religious Society of Friends; didn't differentiate between gender or socioeconomic classes; nonviolent; didn't believe religious authority came form the bible or minster/pastor
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Colonial Jokes

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Concluding Themes

Migration and Settlement [MIG] - 1.0

MIG 1.0 - Explain the causes of migration to colonial North America and later, the United States, and analyze immigration's effects on U.S. society.

Culture and Society [CUL] - 1.0

CUL 1.0 - Explain how religious groups and ideas have affected American society and political life.