P E R S E P H O N E
By: Iman and Camryn
Persephone was the goddess of harvest and fertility before she was the goddess of the underworld
She was also called “Kore” meaning “Maiden”
Persephone was the daughter of Zeus and daughter of Demeter
Wife of Hades
She was also the goddess of spring growth, who was worshiped alongside her mother Demeter in the Eleusinian Mysteries. (Theoi 1)
The Story Behind It All
It is said that one day, when Persephone was picking flowers, the earth split in two and Hades, the god of the underworld, emerged from beneath in his chariot and kidnapped Persephone.
Demeter was devastated so she roamed the Earth searching for her daughter.
Zeus witnessed the entire abduction, but decided to keep quiet about the whole thing to prevent a fight with his brother, but Demeter found out and was infuriated.
When the gathering in front of Zeus took place, Persephone was asked where she would like to live. She answered that she wanted to live with her husband, Hades in the underworld.
Finally Demeter was reunited with her daughter and the earth came back to life - the first spring.
Persephone was unfortunately unable to stay permanently in the land of the living, because she had eaten six seeds of a pomegranate that Hades had given her. Those that eat the food of the dead may not return. (Links1)
Explanation of the myth
According to the ancient Greeks, these were the months of Autumn and Winter. When Persephone was with Hades, the land is not fertile and did not give crops because Demeter would not deal with the harvest. Whenever Persephone went to Olympus to live with her mother, Demeter would shine from happiness and the land would become fertile again and fruitful. These were the months of Spring and Summer. Therefore, this myth was created to explain the change of the seasons, the eternal cycle of the Nature's death and rebirth. (Greeka1)
This is why we have Summer, Fall, Winter, and Spring.