Memory Tricks

Mnemonic Devices

Strategic learning habits can speed retention and greatly improve the function of human memory.

Mnemonics devices are cognitive processing techniques that enhance how quickly individuals can learn and process new and complex information. Common mnemonics include rhyming and systematic use of acronyms and acrostics to speed up sequential learning. Less common but highly effective mnemonic devices include categorizing data by chunking information into quadrant storytelling and
incorporating infographic devices and pictograms to quickly
learn and communicate information.

Pros and Cons

On the upside, mnemonics enhance memory data banks because proper use of techniques generates powerful contextual associations that stimulate the brain to better store and recall complex factual information. In the case of ESOL students or any struggling learner, mnemonic visual association strategies that incorporate the use of pictograms and infographic strategies can be especially useful to drive content curriculum.

On the downside, mnemonic stragtics tend to improve memory but not necessarily deepen comprehension of academic curriculum. The greatest challenge: Good mnemonics are a slow-build process that require lots of student time and teacher expertise to develop. Best efforts: Teachers should facilitate mnemonic aids until students can create memortricks independently.

D.R.A.W. Techniques

Bill of Rights Rap

Bill of Rights Rap - Smart Songs

Infographic U.S. Constitution

Struggling Learners and PictoTricks: The Noun Project + IcoMoon

Pictogram dictionaries help create mnemonic devices for struggling learners including English speakers of other languages

Example: Fun Picto Music + Verbs

Macaco Moving Video Oficial

Activity: D.R.A.W. Amendments

Part 1 (USF Grad Students)
(Pictos only)
No. 13 SLAVERY ABOLISHED
No. 14 CITIZENSHIP RIGHTS
No. 15 RACE NO BAR TO VOTE

Part 2 (Blake)
(Project: Create Mnemonic Strategies with D.R.A.W. + Rap D.R.A.W. or Pictos)
Pick 2-3 from amendments 11-27
Can be individual or group work

Sources

Bakken, J. P. & Simpson, C. G. (2011). Mnemonic strategies: Success for young adult learners, The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Literacy, 7(2) 79-85. Retrieved from http://www.hraljournal.com/Page/9%20Cynthia%20G.%20Simpson.pdf

Batile, C. (2011). You must remember this: Teaching with mnemonics. Education World. Retrieved from http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/profdev/profdev117.shtml


Garcia, J., Ogle, D. M., Risinger, F. C. & Stevos, J. (Eds.). (2005). Creating the Constitution. Creating America (Florida edition): A history of the United States. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell.


Gigerenzer, G. & Gaissmaier, W. (2011). Heuristic decision making. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 451-482. Retrieved from http://citrixweb.mpib-berlin.mpg.de/montez/upload/PaperOfTheMonth/gigerenzer_gaissmaier_2011-1-2.pdf


Mastropieri, M. A., & Scruggs, T. E. (1998). Enhancing school success with mnemonic strategies. Intervention in School and Clinic, 33 (4), 201-08. Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/5912/


Ormond, J. E. ( 2012). Human learning (6th ed.). Upper Saddle, NJ: Pearson.


Tombarelli, S. (n.d.). How to easily locate information in the U.S. Constitution. History in Perspective: A teaching American history grant program for primary and secondary school teachers. Retrieved from http://historyinperspective.org/node/270