Japan

Fatou Diallo

Japanese enjoy:

  • Television
  • Karaoke
  • Movies
  • Video games
  • And nature outings

Sports:

The most popular professional sports in Japan are:
  • Baseball
  • Football (Soccer)
  • Golf
  • And Sumo Wrestling.

Diseases in Japan:

What is Japanese Encephalitis:

Japanese Encephalitis(JE), is a disease spread through mosquito bites. It is a very serious disease that may cause death.

Symptoms of JE Usually Includes:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • And Difficulty Moving

Health:

The Japanese has one of the highest standards of health in the world, with a low infant mortality rate and a high life expectancy rate. Companies are generally responsible for providing insurance benefits to employees and their families, and the facilities are very good. In addition to a yearly physical offered by the employer, cities provide screening exams for people based on their age and gender. A government health insurance plan exists for the self-employed and unemployed. Pollution in urban centers ranks among the nation's major health concerns.

Nutriton

The Japanese diet consists largely of rice, fresh vegetables, seafood, fruit, and small portions of meat. Most dishes use soy sauce, fish broth, or sweet sake (alcohol made from fermented rice). Rice and tea are part of almost every meal. Western food (such as U.S. fast food) is increasingly popular, especially among the youth. Popular Japanese foods include miso (bean paste) soup, noodles (ramen egg noodles, udon wheat noodles, and soba buckwheat noodles), curry and rice, sashimi (uncooked fish), tofu, and pork. Sushi is made usually with a combination of fish (cooked or raw) and lightly vinegared rice. Sometimes a vegetable, such as cucumber, or an egg roll is added to the dish or used instead of fish. Sushi wrapped in dried seaweed (nori) is called norimaki. While sushi can be bought at kaiten sushi bars (restaurants that serve sushi from a conveyor belt) for as little as one U.S. dollar, good quality sushi and sashimi is expensive and usually reserved for special occasions.

Drugs:

Japan has one of the lowest numbers of drug users in the world, but according to officials, drug use in Japan has hit a new peak. Marijuana, amphetamines, and ecstasy have become increasingly popular and are easy to obtain.

Tobacco Use:

Smoking in Japan, though historically less restricted by law than in many other nations, has significantly changed in recent years. Tobacco use has been in constant decline since 1996 and the decline has been accelerating in recent years. Consumption of cigarettes in 2012 was 197.5 billion sticks, roughly 57% of the peak figure in 1996 and a number last seen in 1968. Similarly in 2012, the adult smoking rate was 22.1%, 33.7% of Japanese men and 10.6% of Japanese women; this is the lowest recorded figure since Japan Tobacco began surveying in 1965. As of 2005, nearly 30 million people smoke in Japan, making the country one of the world's larger tobacco markets

Family Roles:

While the father is the head of the home, the mother is responsible for managing household affairs, including finances, and raising children. Traditionally, it was considered improper for a woman to have a job. Today, about half of working-age women work, though their positions are usually lower than those held by men. Young women often quit work after marrying, and those married women who do work outside the home often have part-time or temporary positions as opposed to the full-time permanent positions that men are expected to commit to.

Families generally have two children. Before children start school, they are relatively free and are disciplined only gently. As children grow, discipline becomes more strict, and children are taught and disciplined to be aware of the collective good. Often the school plays a primary role in disciplining a child and may not refer infractions to the child's parents. Families place great emphasis on their children's education and make it possible for children to entirely devote themselves to their studies. Children are often given only light chores because their primary responsibility is to study. Though rare, some high school students may move into a small apartment closer to their high school. Parents might pay for juku (cram schools) to help their children get better scores on the standardized entrance exams. Most parents pay for the entirety of their children's college education. Children tend to move out of the parental home only upon marriage or in the event of a job transfer.

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Dating:

Some Japanese youth begin dating around age 15, though most have little free time or spending money at that age. In college, people have more time and opportunity to date. Couples meet through school, clubs, and friends who set up gokon. A gokon is a group blind date in which a couple invites a small group of their friends to a restaurant for drinks and to get to know one another. Some people turn to a matchmaker (generally an older female relative or friend) to introduce them to local singles looking to marry. After a series of formal introductions in which parents and the matchmaker are present, couples who like each other continue dating on their own. In the past, people may have met using an omiai (introduction service), but today internet dating is becoming more popular. Most couples avoid public displays of affection.

Weddings:

The average marriage age is 27 for men and 26 for women. The bride and groom commonly give gifts such as plates or glasses to their guests. Wedding ceremonies generally consist of three major events: kekkonshiki (the wedding ceremony), attended by family and sometimes friends; hiroen (the reception party), attended by family, close friends, and selected coworkers; and finally, nijikai (the "after party" or "second party"), which includes all wedding guests plus friends and coworkers who could not attend the reception). Many couples are married in Shinto ceremonies, which can take place at temples or, more commonly, at hotels or wedding halls with small Shinto temples built in them. A Shinto priest officiates at the ceremony, which is attended only by close family. The couple is ritually purified, drinks sake (a rice-based alcoholic beverage), exchanges rings, and makes a ceremonial offering to the gods. The couple wear traditional kimono for the ceremony.

Why Japan?

I chose Japan for my cultural project because I'm interested in Japanese culture, and I also want to visit Japan one day.