Women in the Twenties

by: Kira Y, Val B, Stina A and Maddie E

Women's Rights

Women's Sufferage

  • 19th Amendment - gives women right to vote YAY (1920)
  • Equal Rights Amendment (1923), stated “Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.”
  • over a million women turned out to vote in the election of 1920 in response to the 19th Amendment being passed

New Rights

  • Nellie Tayloe Ross elected first female governor of Wyoming in 1925
  • Women competed in the Olympics in 1928 in some field events
  • Gained widespread access to birth control

Planned Parenthood

  • Founded by Margaret Sanger
  • Originally American Birth Control League
  • "Make every child a wanted child"

Nancy Drew

  • Written by Mildred Augustine Wirt Benson under the pen name Carolyn Keene
  • The main character, Nancy Drew, was a young detective who worked alongside the police and solved crime which chronicled how the view of women had changed

Flappers

Flappers

  • Young women of the 1920's
    • Known for their scandalous clothing, rebellious nature
    • Wanted full equality with men

Causes of the Flapper Movement

  • World War I had a big role in the development of the Flapper
    • After the devastation of the war, young women just wanted to be free and have fun
  • The strain of the war placed on society sped up the growth of liberal beliefs and later, the Flapper

Flapper Life

  • Mass automobile production allowed widespread access to cars
    • Increased equality between men and women
  • Flappers were some of the first women to vote
  • Dances such as the tango and charleston became more risque
      • Flappers and their boyfriends drank liquor in clubs and speakeasies
    • Flappers also smoked in result of stress from the war

Employment

Trends of Employment

  • Mass automobile production allowed widespread access to cars
    • Increased equality between men and women
  • Flappers were some of the first women to vote
  • Flappers and their boyfriends drank liquor in clubs and speakeasies
    • Flappers also smoked in result of stress from the war
      • previously occupied fields: textile workers, teachers, librarians, social workers, nurses (continued to grow this era)
      • creative occupations: designers for department stores, those responsible for department store stock*
      • clerical occupations: typists, filing clerks, stenographers, secretaries
      *gave women the opportunity to travel to Europe to build their fashion knowledge

Reaction to Employment

"I pay our women well so they can dress attractively and get married." -Henry Ford

Consumerism

Electricity

  • Household appliances gave women more leisure time
  • Women were responsible for the growing consumerism as they were in charge of the household
  • Advertising became a billion dollar industry largely capitalizing on women's intrest in their products
  • Marketing was mostly geared towards women

Fashion

  • Glamour became important to women
    • Thriving economy made it possible for women to buy luxuries
  • Fashion for women was different from other eras
    • Also changed within the 1920's multiple times
      • Dresses were different from before
        • lighter
        • brighter
        • shorter
          • Hemlines moves from the ankle to just below the knee
        • Waistlines were low
      • Cloche hats were an iconic item in 1920's fashion
      • Jewelry, scarves and shoes became necessities

Quotes

"In order to be irreplaceable one must always be different." - Coco Chanel

"A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous." - Coco Chanel

"We are coming down from our pedestal and up from the laundry room. We = want an equal share in government and we mean to get it." - Bella Auzburg

Works Cited

Decade by Decade: 1920s - Women of the Century - DiscoverySchool.com." Free Teacher Resources | Digital textbooks and standards-aligned educational resources . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/decadebydecade/1920s.html>.
"History of Women's Suffrage | Scholastic.com." Scholastic, Helping Children Around the World to Read and Learn | Scholastic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/suffrage/history.htm>.
"Rights for Women." National Women's History Museum - NWHM. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/rightsforwomen/index.html>.
Tindall, George Brown, and David E. Shi.America: a narrative history. 6th ed. New York: Norton, 2004. Print.
"Rights for Women." National Women's History Museum - NWHM. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/rightsforwomen/index.html>.
"Work, Education, and Reform." eHistory at OSU | Welcome to eHistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/mmh/clash/newwoman/workeducationreform-page2.htm>.