Stroke

By Katy Cromwell

Definition...

-Sudden disruption of blood flow to part of the brain.

-Brain cells suddenly die from lack of oxygen.


Symptoms...

  • SUDDEN numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg - especially on one side of the body.
  • SUDDEN confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.
  • SUDDEN trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  • SUDDEN trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
  • SUDDEN severe headache with no known cause.

(What is a TIA?)...

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a sort of "mini stroke". A blood vessel or artery gets blocked for a short period of time - the symptoms are lessened but still the same as a normal stroke.

Possible Long Term Effects...

-Brain Damage.

-Paralysis.

-Possible Death.

Causes...

-Weakened artery in the brain bursts.

-An artery to the brain is blocked, usually by a blood clot.

-High-blood pressure

-High-blood cholesterol

-Obesity

-Smoking

-Excessive use of alcohol

-Physical Inactivity

-Diabetes

Prevention...

-Exercise & Manage your weight

-Don't drink a lot

-STOP smoking

-Knowing and controlling your blood pressure

-Managing Stress

-Stay away from drugs


Treatment...

-Thrombolytic drugs: Help reestablish blood flow to the brain by dissolving the clots, which are blocking the flow (Ex: Aspirin, or blood-thinning medicines)

-Surgical blood vessel repair

-Rehab

-Physical, Operational, Speech, and Recreational therapy

Statistics...

-Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States

-More than 140,000 people die each year from stroke in the United States

-Roughly 795,000 people suffer a stroke every year

-On average, someone in the United States has a stroke every 40 seconds

-More common in men... but, strokes lead to more deaths in women

-Aging increases your risk for a stroke

-Americans paid about $73.7 billion in 2010 for stroke-related medical costs, and disability

-4/5 families will have to deal with stroke at some point in their lifetime

Diagnosis...

-Blood Tests and Blood Pressure Tests

-Ultrasound to indicate clotting

-CT Scan to show brain vessels

-MRI to see tissue damage

-Medical History and Physical Exams

-Various Heart Tests