To what extent should humanity in society react to the past?
Origin of Globalization
The Silk Road
New technology through spread of ideas
Technology is something in our lives that makes things easier for us. Through he spread of ideas and the connections of these ideas new technologies have the opportunity to be created.
The printing press was an invention by Johannes Gutenberg. It allowed the creation of books at a higher amount while cheaper. This revolutionized books as originally they were created by hand. This allowed the idea of individualism to be increased as with more books more people had the chance to read them and create their own well rounded opinion on that topic.
Europe was one place who had very strong imperialistic beliefs. This relates to euro centrism they thought they were the best the highest nation, and the right to control the colonies due to superiority.
1- No factories were allowed to be set up in a colony. Everything had to be manufactured or touched up in the home country.
2- You could not import goods from other countries other than your own.
In the 18th century people began going against mercantilism due too the higher taxes being placed on the colonies. They went against Britain their home country and split off creating their own country now known as the united states this split is known as the american revolution. The decline and rebel of mercantilism led to a rise in capitalism.
In many cases these new crops were considered luxuries that only the rich could afford until they began growing in large quantities. This is when the prices fell and they became more of a common good.
Ethnocentrism- is a way of thinking that only focuses on ones race and culture. They believe that their culture is the only one with the "right" beliefs.
Euro centrism- is a form of ethnocentrism but focused on the European culture and those who believe only the Europeans perspective is correct. Due to the Europeans coming across and so called discovering Canada and attempting to assimilate the first nations euro centrism is still found in Canada today continuing on a legacy.
The ethnocentric views of Europe mixed with their imperialistic beliefs resulted in the taking over of the aboriginal people and not viewing them as equals to them. This is why we still have eurocanadian legacies today.
Scramble for Africa
Sparked the scramble for Africa. He took over the Congo sparking other European countries to control as much land as they could so king Leopold and others didn't get it first. Leopold somehow took over the Congo put all the people on the land to do his labor. With harsh machete punishments as well as murders he began the desolation of Africa from inside out without even setting foot in the country. All this were the steps into the Berlin conference.
This was a conference held in Berlin with many country leaders in attendance. From the united states to Russia to Portugal and many more. In a short dispute Africa was divided up among the countries and they all hurried off the Africa to establish their newly written control. So who was missing from this? In all of this Africa was no either included or even notified of this arrangement yet were expected to follow commands and simply fall into the countries orders. Because of this a small country called Rwanda had disagreements begin.
International Support on the Genocide
During the genocide many members of the united nations were present the only problem was they weren't aloud to help or protect anyone but themselves. Their job was to peace keep not peacemaker. essentially this meant they could see a little girl being raped and murdered just down the road but unless they were threatened they were told not to do anything about it. This remained the same until the genocide actually ended and the world sent people to go help and rebuild Rwanda. By this time women took up about 70 percent of the population because so many men were killed fighting. Also so many of these women had no where to go no husband to support them or had been raped or beaten. Meaning almost the entire Rwandan population had witnessed or been a part of the traumatizing violence occurring in those 100 days but we thought going in after to rebuild was help enough somehow.
Pierre also created a policy called "white paper" this was created to abolish the Indian act due to the loss of culture and assimilation it had brought to the first nations people. Unfortunately it was very controversial because many argued it would cause the first nations to lose rights upheld in the Indian act. For this reason "white paper" was shut down.
Assimilation Methods of the first nations people
Residential Schools- Were boarding schools for First Nations children whose goals were to make them follow the ways and beliefs of European people. They wanted to completely get rid of the culture, traditions, and language of the aboriginal people and thought starting with the young generations would accomplish this for the future. The ways they assimilated them were often through cruel punishments such as beatings, rape, hard labor, and rotten food. Many didn't even receive and education and were forced to work outside even in harsh conditions. The children also were not aloud to see there parents as the Europeans feared it would re-spark their cultural beliefs and any language spoken that wasn't french or English resulted in consequences, severe consequences. This went on for several generations, the last school closed in 1994. Many people are still effected and trying to deal with the trauma and legacies to this day.
This is all related to what is called "the white mans burden" which is the white peoples belief that they had to make non-white people impart their culture. Many put it as "save the savages" and related to their eurocentric beliefs.