The Debacle of Macbeth

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Lady Macbeth caused Macbeth's downfall by manipulation. She belittles him, she makes comparisons to make him feel weak, and she was the architect of the plan to dethrone Duncan. Lady Macbeth manipulates Macbeth and belittles "Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life And live a coward in thine own esteem, Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would,” Like the poor cat i’ th’ adage?" (1.7.46-49). Lady Macbeth is downplaying Macbeth and making him feel as though he is unimportant and therefore it leads to him trying to prove himself when he kills Duncan. Lady Macbeth has, "given suck, and know How tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me. I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you Have done to this" (1.7.62-67). Lady Macbeth is telling Macbeth that she would kill her own baby and Macbeth is to "chicken" to kill Duncan. This makes Macbeth feel even more discredited and makes him feel even more obligated to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth was the architect of the plan to seize the throne from Duncan. Macbeth's ,"...face, my thane, is as a book where men May read strange matters. To beguile the time, Look like the time. Bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue. Look like th’ innocent flower, But be the serpent under ’t. He that’s coming Must be provided for; and you shall put This night’s great business into my dispatch, Which shall to all our nights and days to come Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom" (1.6.71-82). Lady Macbeth was the original curator of the plan to kill Duncan and to fulfill the witches prophecy. As a result of Lady Macbeth's actions of planning to kill Duncan, Belittling him, and comparing him to things to make him feel weak all caused Macbeth's debacle.

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Literary Devices in Macbeth

Simile

Lady Macbeth is planning to kill Duncan and tells Macbeth that he looks, "like th’ innocent flower, But be the serpent under ’t." (1.4.67-68). Lady Macbeth is telling Macbeth that he is innocent like and flower and can get away with killing Duncan, but on the inside, he will really be the snake who killed Duncan.

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Metaphor

Lady Macbeth has died and a messenger has reported that Birnam wood is moving toward Dunsinane. Macbeth says that, "Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing" (5.5.27-31). Macbeth is saying that life is nothing more than an illusion and there is no meaning to it. The quote shows the readers that Macbeth has in a way given up.

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Oxymoron

At the very beginning of the play the witch's are having a conversation and the say that, "Fair is foul, and foul is fair"(1.1.13). This is an oxymoron because, it is impossible for something to be fair (in accordance with the rules or standards; legitimate) and Foul (offensive to the senses, especially through having a disgusting smell or taste or being unpleasantly soiled). In this case foul and fair are in a way opposites of each other. It shows the readers that the witches take pleasure in the turmoil of good and bad and beauty and disgust.

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Art and Macbeth

In this painting "La Liberté guidant le peuple" French revolutionaries are leading a rebellion against the tyrannical French monarchs Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette. It just so happens in Macbeth the people and armies of Scotland as well as England's armies have teamed up to overthrow Macbeth and his Tyrannical rule. Malcolm said, "Let every soldier hew him down a bough And bear't before him: thereby shall we shadow The numbers of our host and make discovery Err in report of us"..."It shall be done"..."We learn no other but the confident tyrant Keeps still in Dunsinane, and will endure Our setting down before't"..."'Tis his main hope; For where there is advantage to be given, Both more and less have given him the revolt, And none serve with him but constrained things Whose hearts are absent too"..."Let our just censures Attend the true event, and put we on Industrious soldiership"..."The time approaches That will with due decision make us know What we shall say we have and what we owe"..."Thoughts speculative their unsure hopes relate, But certain issue strokes must arbitrate, Towards which advance the war" (5.4.4-21)
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Novels and Macbeth

In "The Hobbit" and "The Lord of the Rings", by J.R.R. Tolkien, the character Gollum, who is corrupted and manipulated by a magic ring, progressively gets worse and worse throughout the books eventually the ring drives him completely insane and tries to bite off someones finger to regain the magic ring, but ends up fall into a volcano. In Macbeth, Lady Macbeth in a way is the ring because she manipulated and corrupted Macbeth, and Macbeth is in a way Gollum, who started out fine, but in the end became corrupt and was killed. Lady Macbeth say that, "Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life And live a coward in thine own esteem, Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would,” Like the poor cat i’ th’ adage?" (1.7.46-49).
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