colon cancer

learn more about his

definition

a malignant tumor of the colon; early symptom is bloody stools.

symptoms

  • Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
  • Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
  • A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss

It will kill you

it will kill you

causes

1. age 2. alcohol 3. diabetes 4. diet 5. environment 6. race, social status 7. family medical history 8. gender 9. genticis 10. IBD 11. lack of excerise 12. obesity 13. personal medical history 14. polyps 15. smoking

treatment

  • Local excision: If the cancer is found at a very early stage, the doctor may remove it without cutting through the abdominal wall. Instead, the doctor may put a tube with a cutting tool through the rectum into the colon and cut the cancer out. This is called a local excision. If the cancer is found in a polyp (a small bulging area of tissue), the operation is called a polypectomy.
  • Resection of the colon with anastomosis: If the cancer is larger, the doctor will perform a partialcolectomy (removing the cancer and a small amount of healthy tissue around it). The doctor may then perform an anastomosis (sewing the healthy parts of the colon together). The doctor will also usually remove lymph nodes near the colon and examine them under a microscope to see whether they contain cancer.
  • radiation therapy can help you control colon cancer. target therapy can help you better and a lot more therapy.

diagnosed

it is diagnosed by physical exam and history and

digital rectal exam and blood test.

statics

about 1 in 20 5.1% have colon cancer each year

  • 102,480 new cases of colon cancer
  • 40,340 new cases of rectal cancer