Social- Emotional Development

Birth to Age Two

Temperament

-equality and intensity of emotional reactions

Types of Temperament

Passivity- how involved child is with surroundings


Irritability- the child's tendency to get upset


Activity Patterns- how often the child moves around

Attachment

-the strong emotional connection between people


Examples: kicking, cooing, crying and laughing

Separation Anxiety

-protesting a caregiver leaving

-first signs show at 6 months

-is very strong at 15 months

-children between 9-18 months have most trouble

Changes Over Time

Birth to Three Months:

-excitement (shown by smiling) & distress (shown by crying)

-no tears when the child cries


Three to Six Months:

-respond to people by smiling & laughter

-tears begin to show

-use different cries to show different distresses


Six to Twelve Months:

-become involved with caregiver

-express happiness when played with

-make sounds when spoken to

-Separation Anxiety shows

-may cry when left at a daycare


Twelve to Twenty-four Months:

-show more anxiety

-more interested in exploring

-take more interest in other children

-aware of themselves