Dates from before second century BC
What is it?
Geneva is a French speaking city in what now is Switzerland, which once a independent state until the end of the 18th century. In the early ages it was took by many. They tried to build a wall but was not successful because in the years to come it was taken by Burgundy, the Franks, and by the German emperor.
Why is it significant?
It is significant because of it's reformation. The Reformation in Geneva was not of the Lutheran type, but was based upon the teachings of Jean Calvin. In fact, Martin Luther was seen by Calvin as only beginning the Reformation. The Reformation continues to this day.