Sabra and Shatila Massacre

President's assassination leads to Lebanon genocide

Ethnic Groups Involved

The 1982 Lebanese conflict arose between Lebanese Christians, Palestinian Muslims, Christian Phalangists, and Israeli Jews. The Lebanese Christians and Israeli Jews both teamed up to fight against the Palestinians Muslims. The Jews and Phalangists didn't cause the conflict, but they affected the war a lot as they supplied arms and directed attacks on refugee camps in Palestine. But some years before this conflict there was a Christian population decline and an increase of Muslims. The change in demographics also lead to tensions in the civil war. The conflict took place in West Beirut, Lebanon.

Causes of Conflict

The technical inception of the conflict was during the 1948 Israeli-Palestinian separation. Because of the hatred spawned from the subsequent Israeli-Arab wars, Palestinians succumbed to the control of hate groups like the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) and Hamas who promised a stronger and liberated Palestine (while using Hitler-esque rhetoric). These groups transcended beyond their original principles and initiated operations according to soothe their own political ambitions. Additionally, on the Israeli side, far-Right organizations took control of the government. With their vengeful and hateful rhetoric, they also quickly took of the hearts of Israelis. As the feelings of both sides ripened and evolved, all it took was a single event to set off both sides. This event was the assassination of the president of an Allied country with a like-minded organization of thought.

Major/Notable Events

  • The separation of Israel and Palestine

  • The subsequent Israeli-Arab wars

  • The positive Israeli relationship with the Lebanese President Bachir Gemayel

  • The assassination of President Bachir Gemayel

  • The subsequent tempers of the Phalange
  • Near the end of the large genocide, many villages were damaged and even destroyed, especially in South Lebanon
  • About 18,000 to 19,000 people were killed and more than 30,000 people wounded, mostly civilians

Our Opinion

Collectively, we believe that the Palestinians Muslims were right in this situation. The Jordanites and Israelis that teamed up with the Lebanese attacked many refugee camps that the Palestinians occupied. These innocent Palestinians Muslims had no affiliation with the PLO "terrorist" group and didn't have anything to do with the attacks going on in this war. As a result, these Palestinians in the Shatila refugee camps had no reason to be killed and suffer due to the PLO, which caused the mass murder of Lebanese Christians.

The Solution!

Right now, there are peace talks and conferences involving Israelis, Palestinians, and the UN. These talks are meant to exchange territory for peace, give Palestinians their right to return and compensate, and define certain settlements as legal or illegal. In an ideal world, an acceptable solution would be a scenario where the Lebanese government turns into a more functional, secular version of itself. It has to distance itself from Hezbollah, while also making sure that in its absence, religious conflicts don't arise. This will need an instant increase of multicultural education which will decrease the effects of social-dogma that the elders will throw at the children. Additionally, it would be ideal if the Israelis elected a left-wing President, or at least a Prime Minister less conservative than Menachem Begin. Another possible solution is the removal of Palestinian Terrorist organizations influence in Palestine.

How will this play out?

In our lifetime, the conflict between Israel and Palestine will either become peaceful or it will deteriorate to a situation where both sides openly use biochemical weapons. The Lebanese conflict has mostly died down. Israel and Palestine in its current state cannot coexist with the policies being presented to the leaders of both nations. Even now, chemical weapons like White Phosphorus are being deployed on innocent citizens due to the possibility of them being terrorists. This conflict is only destined to degrade.

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Resources

Anziska, Seth. "A Preventable Massacre." The New York Times. The New York Times, 16 Sept. 2012. Web. 01 Feb. 2016.


"Elie Hobeika." The Guardian. N.p., 24 Jan. 2002. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Israel. Israel State Archives. Israel State Archives, n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


"Population Statistics - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict - ProCon.org." ProConorg Headlines. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Bennis, Phyllis. "What Has Been the Role of the UN in the Israel-Palestine Struggle by Phyllis Bennis." What Has Been the Role of the UN in the Israel-Palestine Struggle by Phyllis Bennis. TARI, Jan. 2001. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


World Map and Lebanon. Digital image. Maphill. Maphill.com, n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Bachir Gemayel. Digital image. Total War HIstory. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Lebanon. Digital image. BBC. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


TIME Cover Page. Digital image. TIME. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Dead People from Genocide. Digital image. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Map of Lebanon. Digital image. Infoplease. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.