Pest Management

Protecting Our Evnviroment

What is Pest Management?

The Management of any species that interferes wih human welfare by competing with us for food, invading lawns and gardens, destroying building materials, spreading disease, invading ecosystems, and/or being a nuisance. Pest can include plants. animals, and bacteria.

Different Pesticides

Pesticides: chemicals used to kill or control populations of organisms that humans consider undesirable.

Insecticides: chemicals that kill plants or inhibits their growth

Herbicides: chemicals that kill plants or inhibit their growth (weeds)

Fungicides: chemicals that kill fungi

Rodenticides: chemicals that kill rats and mice

Examples of pesticides: organophosphate pesticides affect the nervous system as well as carbamate pesticides. Organochlorine insecticides are not commonly used anymore (DDT)

Enviromental Health Problems

Today, pesticides are controversial because some people believe that their detrimental effects outweigh their beneficial uses. They can be harmful to humans and the environment because they are created as a poison. Pesticides such as the organophosphates and carbamates affect the nervous system. Some pesticides irritate the skin and eyes and some pesticides cause cancer (carcinogens). Certain pesticides affect the hormone or endocrine system. The harm of the pesticide depends on a person’s exposure and the toxicity of the pesticide.

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Pest Management Stories

· US Geological Survey (USGS) test 9 rivers

· Found high concentrations of neonicotinoids

· Neonicotinoids, similar to nicotine, are a class of neuro-active insecticides that kill a broad range of pest.

· Seeds are sprayed with the neonicotinoids and are washed into streams when it rains

· Found to reducing bird populations, disrupting aquatic life and destroying the honeybee species and other pollinating insects.

· clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid different neonicotinoids

· Rivers that go through Iowa, and parts of Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin- states with highest concentration

"Maximum concentrations of clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid measured in this study were 257, 185, and 42.7 nanograms per liter, respectively," -USGS article
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Pest Management Stories Continue

· European Food Safety Commission (EFSA) links neonicotinoids, acetamiprid and imidacloprid affect humans

· Obstruct development and function on nervous system, damage brain structures and functions associated with learning and memory

· Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) and Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (AOEL) cut by 70% to protect human health

· Acute reference dose (ARfD)- cut by 75% to protect human health

· EFSA pushing for a new regulatory paradigm

Management Team

Guranteed Better Pesticide

Intergrated Pest Management (IPM)

It is an environmentally friendly approach to pest management and it includes a four step approach. First of all, action thresholds must be set to determine the point at which pest control is an economic necessity. Then, the pests must be monitored and identified to determine if they pose a threat to the agriculture and to decide what should be done. The third step is prevention which just means managing the agriculture so that the pests are not an actual threat. The final step is control if the first three steps have determined that pest control is needed. An effective but less risky method of control is always considered first in IPM.

Dynamic Pest Control

Our goal is to find a way to keep plants and animals from dying from different pesticides. We challenge ourselves to go out in the community to make an impact and improve the usage of pesticides that are being used on different plants and to figure out what can be altered to protect them and animals as well.