Rwanda

in 1994

A little bit about Rwanda

In 1994, the Rwanda population was about 7 million people. In that population, there were 3 ethnic groups, Hutu (85%), Tutsi (14%), and Twa (1%). Crazy enough, the Tutsi’s were a higher class than the Hutu’s.

What happened

Within a span of 100 days around 800,000 Rwandans were killed. Most of those 800,000 people were from the Tutsis ethnic group. The real crazy part was that the people who continued the fighting and violence were the Hutus, another Rwandan ethnic group. The event that started this violence was the killing if their president. His name was Juvenal Habyarimana, he was in the Hutu ethnic group and he was killed on April 6th, 1994. He, and one other president were killed in a plane crash that was caused by a rocket attack. About 30 minutes after the plane crash, people from the presidential guard started to kill civilians and even Tutsis. On June 22, the French-led forces got involved by the Security Council to help save civilians and some militiamen to flee Rwanda. On July 4th, 1994, the killings ended when the territory of Rwanda was taken over by the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic

Front).

ARTIFACTS FROM RWANDA IN 1994

A desk

This was one of the desks that a Tutsi used when the Europeans came to teach them. That caused division between the two groups because the Hutus weren't allowed to be educated.

Guns that were used to kill the Tutsis

These were some of the guns that were used by the Hutus to kill the Tutsis.

Police patch

This is a patch from one of the police members who started to kill leaders of these ethnic groups after the plane crash.

Radio

This is a radio from Rwanda when people would use propaganda to help kill the Tutsis.

A piece of the plane.

This is part of the plane that crashed and started the massacres. The two main groups were separated because of this occasion.

Works Cited


"Rwanda, Genocide, Hutu, Tutsi, Mass Execution, Ethnic Cleansing, Massacre, Human Rights, Victim Remembrance, Education, Africa." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"Rwanda: How the Genocide Happened." BBC News. BBC, 18 Dec. 2008. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"Violence." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016.


"Hutu and Tutsi Torn Apart." Www.mtholyoke.edu. Markell, n.d. Web.