Modern Texas

WW1, The Great Depression, and WW2

World War I

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First war to use planes

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African Americans joined WW1

Samuel M. Sampler

Samuel was a soldier from texas in the world war. Samuel single-handedly knocked out a German machine gunner that had his units pinned down. He killed a pair of german soldiers and captured more than two dozen others.

Edward M. House

Edward was one of President Wilson's most trusted advisers. He helped write the terms of the peace treaty that followed the war

Countries at war

The Allies were Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the united states.

The Enemies were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.

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What caused the U.S. to enter WWI?

The United States entered the war because the Germans kept sinking ships with American passenger. Then Germany asked Mexico to side with them and if they side with them they will give Mexico back it's land it lost in the Mexican war.

How did Texas play an important tole during the war?

Texas became an important location for train troops. The railroad network in Texas helped move men and equipment quickly. More than 450 women from Texas served as nurses.

How did WWI end?

Military units from Texas included the Thirty-sixth Division, which was made up primarily of members of the Texas National Guard. The Ninetieth Division included soldiers from Texas and Oklahoma. Both divisions suffered heavy casualties in the major battles that brought about the end of the war

Great Depression

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Black Tuesday

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Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover

Herbert was President when the great depression happening. Herbert didn't think that the great depression would last long. He relied on the state to provide relief.
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How did FDR pull the country out of depression?

Franklin launched the New Deal. The New Deal would fix problems brought on by the Great Depression. It relief the poor, jobs for people, and prevent another depression.

What caused the Dust Bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas?

The cause of the dust bowl was windstorms picking up dirt and form dust storms. These dust storms gave farmers lung problems. some farmers would leave the farm.

Which New Deal programs were important to Texas?

The PWA and the WPA were important because they created jobs for jobless people. The money from these programs was used to build bridges, dams, and schools.

How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression?

The farmers struggled because of the Dust Bowl. Farmers suffered because the cost price of the crop went down.

World War II

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Axis Powers

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battalion

Doris Miller

Doris Miller an African-American sailor from Waco, was serving on the battleship when a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Miller had no training as a gunner, he ran to an open deck gun and began firing. He shot down more than one warplane while defending his ship.

James Earl Rudder

James was in the army reserves when he was called to duty. Took command of an Army Ranger Battalion. Scaled 100-foot cliffs to knock out german gun emplacements during the Allies.He carried out his mission.

Countries in the WW2

The Axis Powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan.

The Allies were Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, Soviet Union, China, and the United States.

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How did Texas contribute to the nation’s military effort in fighting World War II?

Texas built Lone Star Army Ammunition near Texarkana. Texas prison holds about 50,000 German, Italian, and Japanese prisoners of war.

How did life changed for Texans on the home front during World War II?

The were worried about an attack from the air or sea. Cities practiced air-raid drills, all windows were covered and car headlights were shut off or shuttered to prevent light from showing the enemy a target.

How did WWII end?

WWII ended when the Axis Powers surrendered.