6.3 The Montgomery Bus Boycott


December 5, 1955, To December 20, 1956.

This is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, was when African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating.

December 1, 1955

On four days before the boycott began when an African-American woman named Rosa Parks, was fined and was arrested for refused to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. The boycott of public buses by blacks in Montgomery began on the day of Parks’ court hearing and lasted 381 days.

The U.S. Supreme Court 1929-1968

The U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system, and one of the leaders of the boycott, a young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr. Emerged as a prominent national leader of the American civil rights movement in the wake of the action.