Sociology Semester Proejct

Madison Neuweg A1

Sociology of Sport

  • Sport fulfills important societal needs, for example sport helps children with their social development by being around other people their age, it helps them branch out of their comfort zone.
  • Sport teaches people the basic values of society, promotes attachment to society, and helps individuals identify with other members of society.
  • Sport in American society reflects the culture's emphasis on achievement. The feeling of winning is an amazing feeling to anyone.
  • Sport reflects the male-dominated society in America, although much progress has been made toward equality in sports when it comes to women and men.
  • Relationship between sport, society, and culture can also be seen in sport subcultures.
  • Functionalists think sport helps society work more smoothly in our world.
  • To conflict theorists, sport is a social institution in which the most powerful oppress, manipulate, coerce, and exploit others.
  • Symbolic interactions are concerned with the personal meaning, social relationships, and different symbols of sports.

This applies to me because I feel as if sport helps our society work more smoothly, it is something you can do to release stress and tension which is nice. I'm a dancer and having that time to be able to dance, and even with my friends that dance that are males, it is something that is nice because it helps with my anxiety and releases serotonin.

Gender Roles

  • A gender role is a set of societal norms dictation what types of behaviors are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for a person based on their actual or perceived sex.
  • There are plenty of films where women are presented in stereotypical roles, which we would define as stereotypes that perpetuate gender roles within a male-dominated system. In these roles women are overly feminine, have weak character, lack confidence, have an identity that is tied to a man or need to be saved by a man.
  • There are plenty of films where men are presented in stereotypical roles, which we would define as stereotypes that perpetuate gender roles within male-dominated system. In these roles men are considered strong and always end up saving the day.
  • The Feminine Mystique is a book about pulling away from the ideal 1950's wife.
  • The Civil Rights Act forbade the discrimination against different sexes for the first time ever.
  • Today, although men are still generally larger and stronger, many women have shown that they are capable of excelling at extremely physical jobs, such as those in construction.
  • Any mental or emotional limitations implied by early divisions of labor have been disproved by the large number of successful women in leadership positions in every facet of public life.
  • According to conflict theorists, women who prefer careers in fields formerly reserved for men have every right to make that choice. Not only is it a more equitable allocation for resources and power, it also addresses the dysfunctions created by traditional gender roles.
  • Gender Socialization is the social process of learning how to act as a boy or girl.

This applies to me because, yes I am a women and although our society is trying to change the stigma that men are stronger and have more power over women, men still have more rights than we do, they are known as stronger, stating that there are jobs that we can't do. I think that there will always be the stigma that it's amazing for a women to be in the marines because that's something that just men should do because people think they are stronger and mentally better off. I'm always going to live with that stigma, and I hope by the time that I have children, the stigma is gone so that my children can feel free to do whatever job they please.


  • Socialization is the process of learning to participate in different types of groups.
  • A human infant will never grow to be successful without socialization, it is something they need to grow.
  • Self concept is an image of yourself as having an identity separate from other people.
  • Looking glass self is self-concept based on our idea of other's judgments of us.
  • Role taking is assuming the viewpoint of another person and using that viewpoint to shape the self-concept of yourself.
  • Your family generally are the first agents of socialization to teach children the gender roles considered appropriate in the general society or in your family's culture.
  • Media is the means of communication designed to reach the general population. For examples, technology connected with social media to talk to people, like Twitter and Facebook.
  • A reference group is a group whose norms and values are used to guide behavior; a group with whom you yourself identify with.

This applies to me because, my family was the first agent of socialization to teach me my gender roles that are considered appropriate in the general society or in my families culture. Now in 2016 media is definitely the main mean of communication that you can use to reach the general population. I take the looking glass self to a mainstream, the way I feel on my self-concept is definitely based on my idea of how others judge me.


  • Culture refers to the knowledge, language, values, customs, and physical objects that are passed from generation to generation among members of a group.
  • A society is a group of people who live in a defined territory and participate in a common culture.
  • Human behavior is based on your culture.
  • Since people are not born knowing their culture, human culture must be learned.
  • Norms are rule determining appropriate and inappropriate behavior.
  • The 3 factors that cause change are: invention, diffusion, and discovery.
  • The 3 basic types of norms are: folkways (the traditional behavior or way of life of a particular community or group of people), mores (the essential or characteristic customs and conventions of a community), and laws (a sub-discipline of sociology, an approach within legal studies or a field of research in its own right.)
  • Values are a broad idea about what is good or desirable shared by people in a society.

This applies to me because, of the factors that cause change in our world are invention, diffusion, and discovery, they all apply to be because I'm a women and now women are looked up to when it comes to sports and a wide arrange of other things. Also I take part in the new inventions, like technology, with my iPhone 6 and my Chromebook at school. And lastly, diffusion, because our borrowing aspects, especially when it comes to food, my family extends out when it comes to eating different foods, normal foods are boring.

Theoretical Perspectivies

  • Functionalism looks at society on a large scale perspective.
  • In functionalism every structure has a function that meets the abundance on needs in our society.
  • Our society is able to remain stable throughout time because everything keeps changing, people won't get bored with what their life and what our world is.
  • Conflict Perspective observes how the unrest in a society will cause it to change and evolve to relive the tension.
  • The unrest in our society causes conflict perspective to change and evolve.
  • Symbolic Interactionism focuses on a our world as a small scale perspective.
  • Symbolic Interactionism makes interactions with others around the world and in our own society.
  • In functionalism every structure has a function that meets the different needs in our society.

This applies to me because, I feel as if the unrest in our society causes our world to change and it evolves causing tension to relive which is Conflict Perspective. There is obviously different perspectives in our world, and each one of us sees the world in a different perspective.


Each five topics that I have picked are all connected in a huge way, being that they all affect us as people, us as humans. Each topic involves a human (us) and the way we are today. Each of these topics are the study of social problems. They are all the study of the development, structure, and functioning of our human society.

Connected to Historical Events

Gender Roles are easily connected to the Civil Rights. Both are discriminating against one thing, while the other has more power and is seen as stronger. With gender roles, men are discriminating against the women around them, and are acting as if they are stronger and have more power over the women, while stating that they have more rights then the women. With the Civil Rights, the white people are discriminating against the African American people around them, with them having way more power over them and definitely have more rights against them. Thankfully both of these stigmas have been taken care of throughout the year, though there are some who still discriminate against both, equality has come a long way.

The Sociology of Sport in easily connected to Women's Rights. Both are finally allowing others to do something that they have never been able to do before. The Sociology of Sport is allowing women and African Americans to play professional sports for the first time. Women's Rights is finally allowing women to be "free" to vote and chose to do what they would like to do with their life, whether that be a stay at home mother, or become a doctor. Both of these have come a long way since the beginning.

Tim McGraw - Humble And Kind (Official Video)

I feel like this song describes how we should act in our society :)