The Plague of Annexation

Killing off the Hawaiian Mana


On January 17, 1893, the Hawaiian Kingdom was overthrown. The kingdom was forcefully deposed of through the relentless efforts of several groups of people, including U.S. Minister John L. Stevens and President Benjamin Harrison. Although President Grover Cleveland tried to stop the overthrow of the Hawaii, the pro-annexation forces found a way to move forward with the Coup D'etat.

Historical Significance

There were many people whose actions paved Hawaii's path to annexation in 1893, especially US Minister John L. Stevens, President Grover Cleveland, and President Benjamin Harrison. Knowing each person's contributions to the annexation will help understand how Hawaii stumbled into that path. It also gives us a chance to reflect on the past of US foreign relations and how it is handled so our nation will not repeat itself again. After reading this flyer, I want my audience to know the horrible dilemma that came to Hawaii sovereignty. Through the road that led to the overthrow, Hawaii had lost most of its culture, beliefs, and freedom. Therefore, learning about annexation of Hawaii helps us to treasure the customs and beliefs they had before.

Is Hawaii Legally and Lawfully A State of the Union?

Hawaii is not legally and lawfully a state of the union because their sovereignty was forcefully taken from them. From the time where foreigners had begun to arrive, the Hawaiian culture, customs, and beliefs had slowly diminished. These ‘haole businessmen’ had taken advantage of the naïve minds of native Hawaiians and used their knowledge to steal the Hawaiians’ rightful power to their land. From the Great Mahele to the Bayonet Constitution, which was imposed on King David Kalakaua with force, the foreigners had gained power that seemed to power their thought that they could steal what was not theirs. The overthrow and annexation of Hawaii was foisted upon the Hawaiian people diminished their freedom. Majority of Hawaiians disagreed with the annexation, thus, making the whole process of Hawaii being a state illegal. Also there was no treaty that was given to the Hawaiian people, or Queen Liliuokalani, that asks for their permission to be annexed. Instead the Committee of Safety used military force to depose the queen; and the US government allowed this illegal annexation by holding a Joint Resolution conference, which did not include any Hawaiian representatives.

Supplemental Information

Below is a picture of some of the sailors that came from the USS Boston warship. Approximately 162 sailors boarded the ship and came to Hawaii when Minister John Stevens ordered US military forces to protect Americans in Hawaii from any violence. This led to the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani, in which the queen wanted to surrender so that no bloodshed will break upon the Hawaiians and the Americans.

Big image


Benjamin Harrison. Digital image. Time Marches On! The Almanac of Absurdities. WordPress,
07 June 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
Bluejackets of the U.S.S. Boston occupying Arlington Hotel grounds during overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani. Commander Lucien Young, U.S.N. in command of troops. Site of childhood home of Queen Liliuokalani. Digital image. Hawaii State Archives, Jan. 1893. Web.
Grover Cleveland. Digital image. Prologue: Pieces of History. National Archives, 18 Mar. 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Lowe, Ruby H., and Robin Y. Racoma. John Stevens. Digital image. Hawaii State Archives,

n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.