Performance Enhancing Drugs
Marion Jones was the first woman to win 3 gold medals and 2 bronze medals for track and field at the Sydney Olympics in 2000 and was later tested positive for taking performance- enhancing drugs . She was pleaded guilty to federal charges stemming from perjury. Afterwards she was stripped of her medals in 2007, banned from the 2008 Beijing Olympics and sentenced to six months in prison and two years of probation.
PED's : Steroids
A performance enhancing drug is a drug athletes use to improve their performances. The drug Marion used was called steroids. The benefits of steroids are that it helps you bulk up , play better in sports and gives you strength. Many athletes feel pressured to perform so PED's can also help them keep up with the competition. Although it still has a lot of dangerous and permanent effects on the body. Steroids can cause liver and kidney damage, increased blood pressure and cholesterol, risk of heart attack, abnormal or absent menstrual period and deep voice. Some of the psychological effects are severe mood swings , depression and violent behavior.
In 1976 , the International Olympic committee banned the use of steroids . Ben Plucknett was the first athlete to be tested positive for anabolic steroids . He lost his world record title and was the first athlete to be disqualified by the International association of athletic federations due to the positive drug test. As the years went by more sports leagues started testing thier players for steroids.
2007: Marion Jones admits to doping