Water Frame

Industrial Revolution

ALEXANDRA GARCIA 4TH PERIOD

WHO?

*How longed he lived: 1732-1792 Arkwright was born on Dec. 23, 1732, in Preston. His early job was a barber and he practiced the task of dyeing hair and selling it to wigmakers. Which later the money he gained from this he spent on his invention.



* A British inventor and manufacturer, in 1769 he patented a spinning machine, what was called the water frame, because water powered it. In 1781 was challenged and finally canceled on the grounds of previous invention because of its confusing specifications.

HOW?

*The invention produced a stronger yarn by drawing the cotton fibers apart more farther and evenly. Which was pulled apart by 8 rollers that were arranged in 4 pairs. In each pair, the top roller was covered in leather, a material that gripped the rough cotton easily. The bottom rollers were made of wood or metal, and had flutes (scoop-bottomed grooves) that cut into them and allowed the cotton fibers to pass through. The first set of rollers were made to go slowly while each pair turned a little faster; this pulled the fibers further and further apart, producing a roving that was even and free of lumps. As the cotton emerged from the final set of rollers it was twisted tightly into a strong yarn.


WHY WAS THERE A NEED FOR THIS INVENTION?

He needed a stronger machine that didn’t have any issues.

WHY IS THE INVENTION IMPORTANT?

It’s important because if he didn’t invent an improved version of the other machines. People would have troubles drawing yarn back then. Because some machines had some issues.


Water Frame By Arkwright 1769. Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 13 Feb 2014. http://quest.eb.com/images/109_130877


Richard Arkwright's Machine For Preparing Yarn For Spinning, 1775.. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 13 Feb 2014. http://quest.eb.com/images/102_533056


Richard Arkwright . Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 13 Feb 2014. http://quest.eb.com/images/108_282948


"Sir Richard Arkwright." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.


"Water frame." World of Invention. Gale, 2006. Student Resources in Context. Web. 3 Feb. 2014.


MLA:



Hirsh, Richard F.
"Arkwright, Sir Richard." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014.

Web.
3 Feb. 2014.