The Middle Colony

Dawn Smith


Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. The state was founded for the purpose of trade and profit according to it's location. Delaware's economy was based off of trade and profit, as said in the last sentence, and subsistence farming. The main income was from growing and trading wheat with other countries. The government of Delaware was proprietary. The king was in debt and chose to give land in order to pay off his debt. The land that was given was then made into what is now Delaware. Around 1780, the population reached 45,385 people. Many of the people who lived in Delaware around this time were either Dutch or Swedish. Native groups of Delaware include the Nanticoke and Lenni Lenape tribes. Along with the other states in the middle colony, Delaware did not have their own religion.
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New York

New York was founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit. Like Rhode Island, New York was also established due to its location, therefor would be used for trade and profit. It's economy was somewhat based off of trade and profit. A large portion of the state's fundings came from the fur trade. New York's government was at first proprietary, then later on changed to become a royal government. The population of New York in 1770 was roughly 162,920 people. People who were Dutch and English came to New York and lived together rather peacefully. Considering every state has their natives, New York had the Iroquois and Algonquian tribes. New York also didn't have a religion like the other middle colony states.
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New Jersey

New Jersey was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley. A lot of the state's economy was based off of mixed farming, like other states. The government of New Jersey, like a few other states, was considered to be proprietary. The population of the state around 1770 was about 117,431 people. Much of which came from the Dutch or Swedish origin. On the other hand, New Jersey was inhabited with one major native american group. They were known as the Lenni Lenape tribe, which is actually translated to "original people". As the Europeans began to move over to New Jersey, it made life for the natives very hard. Both Natives and Europeans went through wars, but the natives were no match for the Europeans and the many things they had brought to the new world. One thing that was never officially established in New Jersey was religion.
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Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn. He was given a charter by King Charles II and established the state for the purpose of religious freedom. Pennsylvania's economy was based off of farming and their cash crop was wheat. The population was around 327,305 people during the 1780's. Much of which were either Swedish, Dutch, or English. The native tribes of Pennsylvania include the Delawares, Susquehannocks, Shawnees, and the Iroquois Confederacy tribes. When William Penn received the charter from the king, the picked out the land he wanted and was then aware of the natives who already lived on his land. He would have to face the Delaware tribe, who had never lost a battle. Penn did not want to fight for the land but simply declare a treaty between the two groups. Like most groups in the middle colony, Pennsylvania also never established a religion.
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