Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York City on October 27th, 1858. He was the governor of New York before he later became the vice president. After President William McKinley was assassinated in 1901, Roosevelt became the youngest man to assume the U.S. presidency. In 1904, he won a second term of presidency and later won the Nobel Peace Prize for having a part in ending the Russo-Japanese War.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Roosevelt championed a political philosophy known as progressivism. Progressivism means to favor or advocate progress, change, improvement, or reform, instead of leaving things as they are. After President McKinley died, progressivism became a powerful national movement. Roosevelt was an effective advocate for "trust bursting" the breaking up of enormous monopolies that controlled prices and prevented competition. He was for fair trade and pro-labor laws as well, including things like a decreased work week, child labor laws, and safety rules.
- Roosevelt was for imperialism
- Roosevelt left his post as secretary of the Navy and signed up for the U.S. cavalry and was then deployed to the Caribbean after the U.S.S. Maine had exploded while docked in Cuba in 1898
- As President, Roosevelt established a naval base in the Philippines at Subic Bay, a territory won from Spain during the Spanish-American War.
- The Big Stick Diplomacy was a major component of Roosevelt's international relations policy. He displayed his policy during a Venezuela crisis when he amended the Monroe Doctrine to say that the U.S. will get involved with the affairs of its Latin American neighbors.
- The Portsmouth Treaty is what formally ended the Russo-Japanese War. After three major defeats, Russia was convinced that resisting more against Japan's imperial designs was hopeless.
- President Roosevelt then made a peace treaty and Japan emerged from the conflict as the first modern non-Western world power and set its sights on more imperial expansion.