First, There Was Growth in Three Areas Leading Up to the Civil War
New Technology and Inventions like
Reaper for farming
Made farming more productive and faster
10,000 miles of railroad track by 1860
Helped people/goods cover vast distances
Telegraph makes it to California by 1861
Helped connect the nation together
But there are some drawbacks to the new technology...
Education Reform Was Happening at the Same Time
The government decided that public schools should be funded by taxes.
The spread of education causes several things to happen
Rapid growth of newspapers and magazines
I don't think they were actually reading Glamour quite yet, though.
Libraries and Museums were established
Lyceums were formed
What are lyceums? Find out more here. http://tinyurl.com/c4oh6tv
From Lyceums, they moved toward Utopian Communities that wanted to be "models of social perfection"
Next came the Transcendentalists, who established their beliefs while gathering in lyceums and utopian communities
Transcendentalists were "looking for higher truths in ordinary experiences." They had many ideas about life, including that
This girl does a great job of breaking down the basics of transcendentalism and some of the major players
At the same time as the Transcendentalists were talking, there was also a school of thought that was Anti-Transcendentalist
Major Anti-Transcendentalist Authors (also called Dark Romantics)
The Scarlet Letter, The Minister's Black Veil
Edgar Allan Poe
The Raven, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Cask of Amontillado