Diabetes Mellitus

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Definition

This is the most common form of diabetes. It is caused when the pancreas either produces no or little to none insulin Insulin is your body's way to regular blood sugar and with out it you can go in to an over or under load of sugar.

Risk Factors

  • Family History
  • Disease of the pancreas
  • Infection or Illness
  • Obesity or Being Over weight
  • Impaired Glucose Tolerance
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Ethnic Background
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Low Cholesterol level
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Age. 45 and overweight+

Effects of Diabetes

Short Term


  • Hypoglycaemia Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS)\

Long Term



  • Retinopathy (Eyes disease)
  • Cardiovascular Disease (Heart disease)
  • Nephropathy (Kidneys disease)
  • Neuropathy (Nerves and feet)

Body Systems



  • Coronary Arteries
  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Nervous Syatem
  • Blood Vessels
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Treatments

  • Visiting a foot doctor, nutritionist, eye doctor, and a diabetes specialist
  • Keeping a close eye on your blood sugar
  • Combination of medicine, exercise, and diet
  • minimize or avoid seesaw effect (rapid change of blood sugar levels)
  • Insulin pump
  • Glucose Monitoring

Prognosis

Needing to eat healthy and exercise are two great ways to keep your diabetes under control. Now you can already do this and get diabetes, but you can manage and have a better outcome by keeps doing this.